Friday, 11 February 2011

HTML[Hyper Text Markup Language]

HTML[Hyper Text Markup Language]

HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language

Hyper Text – That type of text which has its significance in electronic form in other word , such type of text which have a link with other file or document or different position of same or other file.

HTML is not a case sensitive language.

It is a command based language. In HTML that command are called TAGS.

Tags can be written in following form.

                <tag name>Statement</tag name>

HTML files can be written in any text editor but its file extension must be either 'htm' or 'html'.

Web Browser – Web Browser are responsible for displaying the HTML file. Ex – Internet Explorer , Netscap Navigator , Mozilla , Opera etc.

Example of HTML code

                                <html>

                                <head><title>Hello ! world</title></head>

                                <body>Rocking world</body>

                                </html>

HTML tags

1.       Heading <h1>,<h2>,<h3>,<h4>,<h5>,<h6>

<h1>Hello ! Rocking world</h1>

2.       <br>                      -              Line Break

3.       <b>                        -              Bold Formatting

4.       <i>                          -              Italic  Formatting

5.       <u>                        -              underline Formatting

6.       <sup>                   -              superscript Formatting

7.       <sub>                   -              subscript Formatting

8.       <pre>                    -              preformatted

9.       <strike>                               -              strike throw

10.   <big>                     -              Big font

11.   <small>                                -              Small font

12.   <center>             -              Center Alingment

13.   <p>                        -              make paragraph. It have a white line above and below the                                                          paragraph.

<p align="left" or align="right" or align="center">Hello ! </p>

Use any one alignment.

14.   <div>                     -              Make paragraph

15.   <body>                                -              HTML Body section

<body bgcolor="black" background="image path" leftmarging="0" topmargin="0" rightmargin="0" bottommargin="0" bgproperties="fixed">

You can use any or all attribute of tag.

16.   Img                        -              insert image in HTML page

<img src="image path" height="20px" width="30px" border="1">

Image path or URL is of two type .Absolute and Relative path.

17.   <table>                                -              insert tabular format

<table border="1" cellpadding="2px" cellspacing="0px" bgcolor="gray">

<tr bgcolor="silver">

             <th>Roll No.</th>

             <th>Student Name</th>

             <th>Subject</th>

             <th>Marks</th>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>1</td>

<td>GUNJAN KUMAR</td>

<td>JAVA</td>

<td>56</td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>2</td>

<td>AMIT KUMAR VERMA</td>

<td>ORACLE</td>

<td>74</td>

</tr>

</table>

18.   <form>                 -             

<form name="form name" method="GET or POST" action="action.php">

19.   Text Box

<input type="text" name="TextBoxName" maxlength="20" size="40" value="Hello">

20.   Password Text Box

<input type="text" name="PasswordTextBoxName" maxlength="20" size="40" >

21.   Text Area

<textarea rows="10" cols="5"></textarea>

22.   Radio Button

<input type="radio" name="sex" checked="checked" value="male" />Male

<input type="radio" name="sex" value="female" />Female

23.   Check Box

<input type="checkbox" name="ck1" checked="checked" value="Cricket" />Cricket

<input type="checkbox" name="ck1"  value="Cricket" />Hockey

24.   Drop Down Button

<select name="country">

<option value="India">India</option>

<option value="America">America</option>

<option value="China">China</option>

</select>

25.   Button

<form>

<input type="button" name="Register" value="Register Here" />

<input type="submit" name="Login" value="Login" />

<input type="reset" name="reset" value="Clear" />

</form>

26.   Marquee

<marquee behavior="alternate or scroll or slide" direction="left or right or top or bottom" loop="2" height="100px" width="200px" scrollamount="50" scrolldelay="100">

27.   List

<ol>

<li>Science</li>

<ol>

<li>Physics</li>

<li>Chemistry</li>

<li>Mathematics</li>

</ol>

<li>Arts</li>

<ol>

<li>History</li>

<li>Geography</li>

<li>Civics</li>

</ol>

</ol>

OUTPUT

  1. Science
    1. Physics
    2. Chemistry
    3. Mathematics
  2. Arts
    1. History
    2. Geography
    3. Civics

 

28.   Hyperlink

<a>        -              Anchor Tag

<a href="file location">Click here to open web page</a>

<a href="#contactus">Contact us</a><br />

<a href="index.htm">Home Page</a><br />

This is a test web page.

<a name="contactus">Email me at gunjankumarverma@gmail.com</a>

29.   Frame

<frameset> and <fram> tag

<frameset rows="10%,*">

<frame src="left_page.htm">

<fram src="main_page.htm">

</frameset>

<frameset rows="left_page.htm" name="frame name" scrolling="no" noresize>

30.   Fieldset

<fieldset >

<legend>Login</legend>

<table border="0" cellpadding="5px" cellspacing="0" >

<tr>

<td>Enter user name</td>

<td><input type="text" name="username" size="20" maxlength="15" /></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>Enter Password</td>

<td><input type="password" name="password" size="20" maxlength="10" /></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td colspan="2" align="center">

<input type="submit" name="login" value="Login" />

<input type="reset" name="reset" value="Reset" />

</td>

</tr>

</table>

</fieldset>

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

"HTML with CSS" Example

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

    <head>

        <meta name="google-site-verification" content="gr-0Qzl4JI4Zphwpgwa_NF35HYQA8APehz26wqWojdw" />

        <!-- Webmaster Tools Data START !-->

        <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="UTF-8.0" />

        <meta http-equiv="Page-Enter" content="revealTrans(Duration=1.0,Transition=23)" />

        <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="UTF-8.0" />

        <meta name="author" content="Gunjan Kumar verma" />

        <meta name="resource-type" content="document,images" />

        <meta name="distribution" content="global" />

        <meta name="language" content="en" />

        <meta name="robots" content="index,follow">

           <meta name="keywords" content="computer,education,institute,training,var,zone,city,patna,software,social,courses,pagetracker,ica,infolink,2010,bihar,com,objective,,11540611,catch,experienced,information,uplift,publishing,affordable,18648,consulting,script,viz" />

            <meta name="description" content="City Zone Established on May 2008 in V S Centre , Opp - Viswakarma Timber , Near - Uma Cinema , Pirmohani , Kadamkuan , Patna - 800 003 .City Zone computer education and training institute provides quality computer education at a very affordable fees to uplift the people from rural areas and the financial weaker sections of the society. Students can purely benefit from the computer courses. Vishwakarma Udhayami Smajik Sansthan organized, maintained and funded for City Zone. " />

            <!-- Webmaster Tools Data END !-->

            <!-- Class Sheet Style START !-->

            <link href="css/default.css" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" />

            <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/lightbox.css" type="text/css" media="screen" />

            <!-- Class Sheet Style END !-->

            <title>City Zone , Patna</title>

            <!-- Include Javascript Supportive file START !-->

            <script type="text/javascript" src="js/prototype.js"></script>

            <script type="text/javascript" src="js/scriptaculous.js?load=effects,builder"></script>

            <script type="text/javascript" src="js/lightbox.js"></script>

            <!-- Include Javascript Supportive file END !-->

    </head>

    <body>

        <table id="web-base" align="center" cellpadding="0 " cellspacing="0">

            <tr >

                <td  id="web-heading" colspan="3"><!-- TOP header page  !-->

                    <a href="index.php"><img src="images\TOP.jpg" title="CITY ZONE" /></a></td>

            </tr>

            <tr>

                <td colspan="2" id="top-menu" ><!-- TOP Menu Section  !-->

                    <li id="home" title="Home page of City Zone"><a href="index.php">Home</a></li>

                    <li title="Student/Administrative Login"><a href="stu_admin_login.php">Login</a></li>

                    <li title="Courses"><a href="courses.php">Courses</a></li>

                    <li title="Photo Gallery"><a href="photo-gallery.php?page=1">photo Gallery</a></li>

                    <li title="Faculty"><a href="faculty.php">Faculty</a></li>

                    <li title="Enquiry"><a href="enquiry.php">Enquiry</a></li>

                    <li title="Contact us"><a href="contact.php">Contact</a></li></td>

            </tr>

<tr>

<tr>

    <td id="left-panel" valign="top">

<div style="border:1px solid white; color:#FFA500; font-size:14px; padding:5px; text-align:center" onmouseover="javascript:this.style.background='white'" onmouseout="javascript:this.style.background=''"><a href="feedback.php" style="color:orange

">Feedback</a></div>

<br />

<div style="border:1px solid white; color:#FFA500; font-size:14px; padding:5px; text-align:center" onmouseover="javascript:this.style.background='white'" onmouseout="javascript:this.style.background=''"><a href="quiz.php" style="color:orange

">Online Quiz test</a></div>

<br />

<!-- Notice Board Data Starts Here  !-->

 <div id="left-heading">Notice board</div>

<div id="left-heading-contents">

        <div align="right"><a href="NoticeBoard.php?page=1">View All</a></div>

</div>

<!-- Notice Board Data Ends Here  !-->

<br />

<!-- Advertisment Section  !-->

<center>

    <img src="images/advt1.jpg" alt="Web Designing and hosting" />

</center>

     </td>

    <td id="body-section" valign="top">

         <table width="100%" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0">

            <tr>

                <td valign="top" >

                     <table>

                        <tr>

                            <td valign="top">

                                <img src="images\Logo\Logo.jpg" width="70px"/>                   </td>

                            <td valign="top">

                                <!-- BODY SECTION !-->

                                <b>    <center><h3>               A computer education and training institute with a social objective</h3></center></b>

                            </td>

                        </tr>

                    </table>

                    City Zone Established on May 2008 in V S Centre , Opp - Viswakarma Timber ,

                    Near - Uma Cinema , Pirmohani ,

                    Kadamkuan , Patna - 800 003

                    .City Zone computer education and training institute provides quality computer education at a very affordable fees to uplift the people from rural areas and the financial weaker sections of the society. Students can purely benefit from the computer courses. Vishwakarma Udhayami Smajik Sansthan organized, maintained and funded for City Zone.

                    <br /><br />

                    City Zone offers the best professional training in IT (INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY), viz; Data Processing, Accounting, Programming, Hardware/Software Maintenance, Repairs, Networking & internet services.

                </td>

                <td valign="top" width="200px">

                    <div id="left-heading">Courses</div>

                    <div id="left-heading-contents" >

                        <table>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> DCA</td></tr>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> DEG  </td></tr>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> DOM  </td></tr>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> CCA  </td></tr>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> DCAA </td></tr>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> DCP  </td></tr>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> CCH  </td></tr>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> DCH </td></tr>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> Desktop Publishing </td></tr>

                            <tr><td>&raquo;</td><td> English Spoken </td></tr>

                        </table>

                        <div align="right"><a href="courses.php">More..</a></div>

                    </div>

                    <br />

                    <!-- NEWS SECTION STARTS HERE !-->

                    <div id="left-heading">News</div>

                    <div id="left-heading-contents">

                                                <div align="right"><a href="News.php">View All</a></div>

                    </div>

                    <!-- NEWS SECTION ENDS HERE !-->

                </td>

            </tr>

        </table>

    </td>

</tR>

<tr>

  <td colspan="2"><!-- Comment Entry Section  !-->

    <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"><tr>

      <td width="25%" valign="top"><form method="post" action="index.php" name="comment">

          <table bgcolor="silver" align="center" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="270px">

            <tr>

              <th colspan="2">                                Write your comment</th>

            </tr>

            <tr>

              <td>Enter Your Name</td>

              <td><input type="text" size="20" name="name" /></td>

            </tr>

            <tr>

              <td>Enter Your Email</td>

              <td><input type="text" size="20" name="email" /></td>

            </tr>

            <tr>

              <td>Enter Your Blog</td>

              <td><input type="text" size="20" name="website"  value="http://"/></td>

            <tr>

              <td colspan="2">Enter Your Comment</td>

            </tr>

            <tr>

              <td colspan="2" align="center"><textarea rows="5" cols="25" wrap="virtual" name="comment"></textarea></td>

            </tr>

            </tr>

            <tr>

              <td colspan="2" align="center"><input type="hidden" name="do_comment" value="1" />

                <input type="hidden" name="page" value="index.php" />

                <input type="submit" value="Submit" />

                <input type="reset" value="Clear" /></td>

            </tr>

          </table>

        </form>

                       </td>

      <td valign="top"><!-- Comments Display Section  !-->

          <div id="comment">

            <center>

              <b>Comment on index.php</b>

            </center>

            <br />

            <a target='_blank' href='http://gunjankumarverma.blogspot.com'><b>Gunjan Kumar</a> (gunjankumarverma@gmail.com)</b><i> Wrotes </i><b>Nice website.

Thanks</b><hr>          </div>

                        <div align="right" style="padding:5px;" ><a href="comment.php" style="color:#0000FF">View All</a></div>

                        <br />

   </td>

      </tr></table>

     

     </td>

<tr>

  <td colspan="2" bgcolor="#CC3300" style="padding:5px; font-size:10px" align="center"><!-- Bottom Long Menu Section !-->

    <a href="index.php">Home</a>|<a href="stu_admin_login.php">Student/Admin Login</a>|<a href="courses.php">Courses</a>|<a href="photo-gallery.php?page=1">Photo Gallery</a>|<a href="faculty.php">Faculty</a>|<a href="enquiry.php">Enquiry</a>|<a href="NoticeBoard.php?page=1">Notice Board</a>|<a href="News.php">News Board</a>|<a href="#" onClick="javascript:alert('E-mail us at cityzone@rediffmail.com');window.location='contact.php';">Advertise with us / Web Design</a>|<a href="contact.php">Contact us</a></td>

</tr>

<TR>

  <td id="bottom-panel" colspan="2"><!-- Credit section  !-->

    Copyright © City Zone |  Website Designed and Developed by City Zone Students with the support of<i><a href="mailto:gunjankumarverma@gmail.com">Mr.  Gunjan Kumar</a></i></td>

</tr>

</table>

</body>

</html

 



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1 comment:

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