Friday, 14 October 2016

About Bihar

Diwali or Deepawali

Topic Festivals
Diwali (also spelt Divali in other countries) or Deepavali (Sanskrit: दीपावली Dīpāvali, Tamil: தீபாவளி, Nepali: दीपावली or तिहार, Hindi: दिवाली, Gujarati: દિવાળી, Marathi: दिवाळी, Kannada: ದೀಪಾವಳಿ, Konkani: धाकली दिवाळी, Malayalam: ദീപാവലി, Oriya: ଦୀପାବଳୀ, Punjabi: ਦਿਵਾਲੀ, Telugu: దీపావళి, Urdu: دیوالی) is popularly known as the Festival of Lights. It is an important five-day festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism, occurring between mid-October and mid-November. Diwali is an official holiday in India, [1] Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Mauritius, Malaysia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Myanmar , Fiji and Surinam. The name Diwali is itself a contraction of the word Deepavali (दीपावली Dīpāvali), which translates into row of lamps (in Sanskrit)[2]. Diwali involves the lighting of small clay lamps (diyas) (or Deep in Sanskrit: दीप) filled with oil to signify the triumph of good over evil. During Diwali celebrants wear new clothes and share sweets and snacks with family members and friends. Some Indian business communities begin the financial year on the first day of Diwali, hoping for prosperity the following year. In Hinduism, Diwali marks the return of Lord Rama to his kingdom of Ayodhya after defeating (the demon king) Ravana, the ruler of Lanka, in the epic Ramayana. It also celebrates the slaying of the demon king Narakasura by Lord Krishna. Both signify the victory of good over evil. In Jainism, Diwali marks the attainment of moksha by Mahavira in 527 BC.[3][4] In Sikhism, Diwali commemorates the return of Guru Har Gobind Ji to Amritsar after freeing 52 Hindu kings imprisoned in Fort Gwalior by Emperor Jahangir; the people lit candles and diyas to celebrate his return. This is the reason Sikhs also refer to Diwali as Bandi Chhorh Divas, "the day of release of detainees". Diwali is considered a national festival in India and Nepal. They never start Dewali in debt. Sources Wikipedia

Happy Diwali - Maa Laxmi - Bihar Information Directory

Diwali or Deepawali

Topic Festivals
Diwali (also spelled Divali in other countries) or Deepavali is popularly known as the festival of lights. It is an important five-day festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism, occurring between mid-October and mid-November. For most Hindus and Indians, Diwali is the most important festival of the year and is celebrated with families performing traditional activities together in their homes. Deepavali is an official holiday in India, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Mauritius, Malaysia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Myanmar , Fiji , and Suriname. The name Diwali is itself a contraction of the word Deepavali (Sanskrit: दीपावली Dīpāvali), which translates into row of lamps. Diwali involves the lighting of small clay lamps (diyas) (or Deep in Sanskrit: दीप) filled with oil to signify the triumph of good over evil. During Diwali celebrants wear new clothes and share sweets and snacks with family members and friends. Some Indian business communities begin the financial year on the first day of Diwali, hoping for prosperity the following year. In Jainism, Diwali marks the attainment of moksha by Mahavira in 527 BC. In Sikhism, Deepavali commemorates the return of Guru Har Gobind Ji to Amritsar after freeing 52 Hindu kings imprisoned in Fort Gwalior by Emperor Jahangir; the people lit candles and diyas to celebrate his return. This is the reason Sikhs also refer to Deepavali as Bandi Chhorh Divas, "the day of release of detainees". Deepavali is considered a national festival in India and Nepal.

Panchayati Raj in Bihar

Topic Census
I need census data on Panchayati raj institution in Bihar before implementing the 50% women rservation and after that.

About Republic Day

Topic Festivals
26th January 1950 is one of the most important days in Indian history as it was on this day the constitution of India came into force and India became a truly sovereign state. In this day India became a totally republican unit. The country finally realized the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the numerous freedom fighters who, fought for and sacrificed their lives for the Independence of their country. So, the 26th of January was decreed a national holiday and has been recognized and celebrated as the Republic Day of India, ever since.

Population and Growth Rate

Topic Census
At 00.00 hours of 1st March, 2001, the state of Bihar, with an area of 94,163 sq kms approximately, had a population of 8,28,78,796 persons. Till 1991 Census, the composite state of Bihar was the second most populous state in the country (containing slightly more than 10% of the country’s population), next only to Uttar Pradesh. However, after bifurcation of the state of Bihar and creation of the new state of Jharkhand, the rank of Bihar among the states of India has slipped down to third, the states of Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra occupying the first and the second position respectively.

HOLI - Festival of Colours

Topic Festivals
Holi, or Holli (Sanskrit: होली), is a spring religious festival celebrated by Hindus and Sikhs. It is primarily observed in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and countries with large Indic diaspora populations, such as Suriname, Guyana, South Africa, Trinidad, United Kingdom, United States, Mauritius, and Fiji. In West Bengal and Orissa of India it is known as Dolyatra (Doul Jatra) or Basanta-Utsav ("spring festival"). The most celebrated Holi is that of the Braj region, in locations connected to the god Krishna: Mathura, Vrindavan, Nandagaon, and Barsana. These places have become tourist destinations during the festive season of Holi, which lasts here to up to sixteen days.Holi is celebrated at the end of the winter season on the last full moon day of the lunar month Phalguna (February/March), (Phalgun Purnima), which usually falls in the later part of February or March.

Census of India 2011

Topic Census
भारत की 15वीं जनगणना के पहले ��?र दूसरे चरण के प�?रारंभिक आंकड़े ग�?र�?वार को दिल�?ली में जारी कि�? ग�?। दिल�?ली में भारत के जनगणना आय�?क�?त सी चंद�?रमौली ने बताया कि प�?रारंभिक आंकड़ो के अन�?सार भारत की मौजूदा आबादी �?क अरब 21 करोड़ है। इनमें 62 करोड़ प�?र�?ष ��?र 58 करोड़ महिला�?ं हैं।
अब भारत की आबादी अमरीका, इंडोनेशिया, ब�?राज़ील, पाकिस�?तान, बांग�?लादेश ��?र जापान की क�?ल आबादी के बराबर है.
द�?निया के सबसे ज़�?यादा आबादी वाले देश चीन ��?र भारत के बीच का फासला भी घटा है. 2001 में 23.8 करोड़ से 2011 में अब ये 13 करोड़ हो गया है.त दस वर�?षों में भारत की जनसंख�?या में 17.6 प�?रतिशत बढ़ोतरी ह�?ई है. इस दौरान क�?ल जनसंख�?या में 18 करोड़ का इज़ाफ़ा ह�?आ है.
15वीं जनसंख�?या के प�?रारंभिक आंकड़ों के म�?ताबिक़ पिछले दस वर�?षों में भारत का क�?ल लिंगान�?पात 933 से बढ़कर 940 हो गया है, जो वर�?ष 1961 के बाद सर�?वाधिक है.
लेकिन बच�?चों का लिंगान�?पात 927 से घटकर 914 हो गया है. ये स�?वतंत�?र भारत का सबसे निचला स�?तर है.
आंकड़ों के म�?ताबिक साल 2001 में क�?ल जनसंख�?या का करीब 16 फीसदी बच�?चे थे, लेकिन साल 2011 में ये कम होकर करीब 13 फीसदी हैं.
पंद�?रहवी जनसंख�?या के प�?रारंभिक आंकड़ों के म�?ताबिक भारत में साक�?षरता की दर साल 2001 के म�?काबले करीब 10 फीसदी बढ़ी है.
भारत में अब 82.1 फीसदी प�?र�?ष ��?र 65.5 फीसदी महिला�?ं साक�?षर हैं. जनगणना आय�?क�?त ने बताया कि पिछले दस वर�?षों में ज़�?यादा महिला�?ं (5 फीसदी) साक�?षर ह�?ई हैं.
जनसंख�?या के आधार पर भारत की राजधानी में प�?रति वर�?ग किलोमीटर सबसे ज़�?यादा आबादी, 11,297 लोग रहते हैं.
उत�?तर प�?रदेश भारत का सबसे बड़ा राज�?य है. इसकी आबादी ब�?राज़ील देश से भी ज़�?यादा है.

India Census 2011- Population

Topic Census
Ministry of Home affairs, Government of India has released the provisional data of the census 2011. According to the release by the ministry our country has population of 1210.19 million (63.72 million males and 586.46 million females). Percentage wise there are 51.54 percent males and 48.46 percent females. These provisional figures of Census 2011 were released in New Delhi by Union Home Secretary Shri G.K.Pillai and RGI Shri C. Chandramouli.
Salient features of the provisional census data are following:
Percentage of literate persons went up from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 in 2011.
Population Growth of 181 million during the decade 2001-2011.
For the first time since 1911-21 the growth in population is less than previous decade.
Uttar Pradesh (199.5 million) tops the list with highest population which is followed by Maharashtra with 112 million.
Decadal growth rate of populous states has declined

- Uttar Pradesh (25.85% to 20.09%)
- Maharashtra (22.73% to 15.99%)
- Bihar (28.62% to 25.07%)
- West Bengal (17.77 % to 13.93%)
- Andhra Pradesh (14.59% to 11.10%)
- Madhya Pradesh (24.26% to 20.30%)
Population of Children in the age-group 0-6 is 158.8 million (-5 million since 2001)

Sex ratio,Literacy

Topic Census
Sex ratio of BIHAR , literacy in 2011 census.

History of Bihar

Topic Ancient Background of Bihar
The greatest Indian empire, the Mauryan empire, originated from Magadha in 325 BC, it was started by Chandragupta Maurya who was born in Magadha, and had its capital at Patliputra (modern Patna). The Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka, who was born in Patliputra (Patna) is believed to be one of the greatest rulers in the history of India and the world. According to indologist A.L. Basham, the author of the book The Wonder that was India,
“ The age in which true history appeared in India was one of great intellectual and spiritual ferment. Mystics and sophists of all kinds roamed through the Ganges Valley, all advocating some form of mental discipline and asceticism as a means to salvation; but the age of the Buddha, when many of the best minds were abandoning their homes and professions for a life of asceticism, was also a time of advance in commerce and politics. It produced not only philosophers and ascetics, but also merchant princes and men of action. �?

Bihar remained an important place of power, culture and education during the next one thousand years. The Gupta Empire, which again originated from Magadha in 240 CE, is referred to as the Golden Age of India in science, mathematics, astronomy, religion and Indian philosophy. The peace and prosperity created under leadership of Guptas enabled the pursuit of scientific and artistic endeavors. Historians place the Gupta dynasty alongside with the Han Dynasty, Tang Dynasty and Roman Empire as a model of a classical civilization. The capital of Gupta empire was Pataliputra, present day Patna. The Vikramshila and Nalanda universities were among the oldest and best centres of education in ancient India. Some writers believe the period between the 400 CE and 1000 CE saw gains by Hinduism at the expense of Buddhism. The Hindu kings gave much grants to the Buddhist monks for building Brahmaviharas. A National Geographic edition reads, "The essential tenets of Buddhism and Hinduism arose from similar ideas best described in the Upanishads, a set of Hindu treatises set down in India largely between the eighth and fourth centuries B.C."
Kalidasa's Sanskrit play Abhijñānaśākuntala is one of the Legacy of the Gupta Empire.

The Buddhism of Magadha was swept away by the Muslim invasion under Muhammad Bin Bakhtiar Khilji, during which many of the viharas and the famed universities of Nalanda and Vikramshila were destroyed, and thousands of Buddhist monks were massacred in 12th century CE In the years 1553–56 Pashtun dynasty ruler 'Adil Shah' took the reigns of North-India and made 'Chunar' his capital. He deputed 'Hemu' the Hindu General, also known as 'Hemu Vikramaditya' as his Prime Minister and Chief-of-Army. Hemu fought and won 22 battles continuously against Afghan rebels and Akbar's forces at Agra and Delhi and established 'Hindu Raj' in Delhi, after a foreign rule of 300 years. Hemu, who was bestowed the title of 'Samrat' at Purana Quila, Delhi was then known as 'Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya'. Hemu lost his life while fighting in the 'Second Battle of Panipat' against Akbar's forces on 7 Nov. 1556. During 1557–1576, Akbar, the Mughal emperor, annexed Bihar and Bengal to his empire. Thus, the medieval period was mostly one of anonymous provincial existence.

The tenth and the last Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh was born in Patna. After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the diwani rights (rights to administer, and collect revenue or tax) for Bihar, Bengal and Orissa.The rich resources of fertile Land, water and skilled labour had attracted the foreign entrepreneurs,specially the Dutch and Britishers in eighteenth century. A number of Agrio based industries had been started in Bihar by the foreign entrepreneurs. From this point, Bihar remained a part the Bengal Presidency of the British Raj until 1912, when the province of Bihar and Orissa was carved out as a separate province. Bihar now celebrates its birthday as Bihar Diwas on 22 March from 2010. In 1935, certain portions of Bihar were reorganised into the separate province of Orissa.

Babu Kunwar Singh of Jagdishpur and his army, as well as countless other persons from Bihar, contributed to the India's First War of Independence (1857), also called the Sepoy Mutiny by some historians. Resurgence in the history of Bihar came during the struggle for India's independence.
Rajendra Prasad (Sitting left) & Anugrah Narayan Sinha (sitting right) during 1917 Satyagraha movement

It was from Bihar that Mahatma Gandhi launched his pioneering civil-disobedience movement, Champaran Satyagraha. Brahmins in Champaran had earlier revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916 (Turkaulia) and Pandit Raj Kumar Shukla took Mahatma Gandhi to Champaran and the Champaran Satyagraha began.[48] Raj Kumar Shukla drew the attention of Mahatma Gandhi to the exploitation of the peasants by European indigo planters. Champaran Satyagraha received the spontaneous support from many Bihari nationalists like Rajendra Prasad who became the first President of India and Anugrah Narayan Sinha who ultimately became the first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar.

In the northern and central regions of Bihar, peasants movement was an important consequence of the Freedom Movement. The Kisan Sabha movement started in Bihar under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati who had formed in 1929, the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS), in order to mobilize peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights. Gradually the peasant movement intensified and spread across the rest of India. All these radical developments on the peasant front culminated in the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) at the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress in April 1936 with Swami Sahajanand Saraswati elected as its first President. This movement aimed at overthrowing the feudal (zamindari) system instituted by the British. It was led by Swami Sahajanand Saraswati and his followers Pandit Yamuna Karjee, Rahul Sankrityayan, Pandit Karyanand Sharma, Baba Nagarjun and others. Pandit Yamuna Karjee along with Rahul Sankritayan and a few others started publishing a Hindi weekly Hunkar from Bihar, in 1940. Hunkar later became the mouthpiece of the peasant movement and the agrarian movement in Bihar and was instrumental in spreading it.

Bihar made an immense contribution to the Freedom Struggle, with outstanding leaders like Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sri Krishna Sinha,Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha,K. B. Sahay, Brajkishore Prasad,Mulana Mazharul Haque, Jayaprakash Narayan,Thakur Jugal Kishore Sinha,Satyendra Narayan Sinha,Ram Dulari Sinha,Basawon Singh, Rameshwar Prasad Sinha, Yogendra Shukla, Baikuntha Shukla, Sheel Bhadra Yajee, Pandit Yamuna Karjee and many others who worked for India's freedom relentlessly and helped in the upliftment of the underprivileged masses. Khudiram Bose, Upendra Narayan Jha "Azad", Prafulla Chaki and Baikuntha Shukla were active in revolutionary movement in Bihar.

On 15 January 1934, Bihar was devastated by an earthquake of magnitude 8.4. Some 30,000 people were said to have died in the quake.

The state of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar in the year 2000. The 2005 Bihar assembly elections ended 15 years of continuous RJD rule in the state, giving way to NDA led by Nitish Kumar.

Bihari migrant workers have faced violence and prejudice in many parts of India, such as Maharashtra, Punjab and Assam, making an impression that India still carries tribal localized mindset despite of more than 50 years of Independence as a Republic

Geography of Bihar

Topic Geography and Climate
Bihar is a vast stretch of fertile plain. It is drained by the Ganges River, including its northern tributaries Gandak and Koshi, originating in the Nepal Himalayas and the Bagmati originating in the Kathmandu Valley that regularly flood parts of the Bihar plains. The total area covered by the state of Bihar is 94,163 km². the state is located between 21°-58'-10" N ~ 27°-31'-15" N latitude and between 83°-19'-50" E ~ 88°-17'-40" E longitude. Its average elevation above sea level is 173 feet (53 m).The Ganges divides Bihar into two unequal halves and flows through the middle from west to east. Other Ganges tributaries are the Son River, Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Falgu. Though the Himalayas begin at the foothills, a short distance inside Nepal and to the north of Bihar, the mountains influence Bihar's landforms, climate, hydrology and culture. Central parts of Bihar have some small hills, for example the Rajgir hills. To the south is the Chota Nagpur plateau, which was part of Bihar until 2000 but now is part of a separate state called Jharkhand.

Climate of Bihar

Topic Geography and Climate
Bihar is mildly cold in the winter, with the lowest temperatures being in the range from 4–10 °C (39–50 °F). Winter months are December and January. It is hot in the summer, with average highs around 35–40 °C (95–104 °F). April to mid June are the hottest months. The monsoon months of June, July, August, and September see good rainfall. October, November, February, and March have a pleasant climate.

Flora and fauna

Topic Flora and Fauna
Bihar has notified forest area of 6,764.14 km², which is 7.1% of its geographical area.The sub Himalayan foothill of Someshwar and the Dun ranges in the Champaran district are another belt of moist deciduous forests. These also consist of scrub, grass and reeds. Here the rainfall is above 1,600 mm and thus promotes luxuriant Sal forests in the area. The most important trees are Shorea Robusta, Sal Cedrela Toona, Khair, and Semal. Deciduous forests also occur in the Saharsa and Purnia districts. Shorea Robusta (sal), Diospyros melanoxylon (kendu), Boswellia serrata (salai), Terminalia tomentose (Asan), Terminalia bellayoica (Bahera), Terminalia Arjuna (Arjun), Pterocarpus Marsupium (Paisar), Madhuca indica (Mahua) are the common flora across the forest of Bihar.

The Ganges River dolphins, or "sois" are found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra.This river dolphin is the national aquatic animal of India. It is now considered amongst the most endangered mammals of the region. The dolphins range from 2.3 to 2.6 meters in length. They have impaired vision due to the muddy river water but use sonar signals to navigate.Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary ,near Bhagalpur is set up to ensure the protection of this species.

Valmiki National Park, West Champaran district, covering about 800 km² of forest, is the 18th Tiger Reserve of India and is ranked fourth in terms of density of tiger population. It has a diverse landscape, sheltering rich wildlife habitats and floral and faunal composition, along with the prime protected carnivores.

Government and administration

Topic Government and Administration
The constitutional head of the Government of Bihar is the Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. The real executive power rests with the Chief Minister and the cabinet. The political party or the coalition of political parties having a majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the Government.

The head of the bureaucracy of the State is the Chief Secretary. Under this position, is a hierarchy of officials drawn from the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, and different wings of the State Civil Services. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice. Bihar has a High Court which has been functioning since 1916. All the branches of the government are located in the state capital, Patna.

The state is divided into 09 divisions and 38 districts, for administrative purposes. The various districts included in the divisions - Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh Division, are as listed below.

List of District and Division

Topic Government and Administration

Banka, Bhagalpur
Begusarai, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur
Madhepura, Saharsa, Supaul
Arwal, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada
Jamui, Khagaria, Munger, Lakhisarai, Sheikhpura
Bhojpur, Buxar, Kaimur, Patna, Rohtas, Nalanda
Araria, Katihar, Kishanganj, Purnia
Gopalganj, Saran, Siwan
East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, West Champaran

Block List of Bihar

Topic Government and Administration
1ArariaAraria, Bhargama, Forbesganj, Jokihat, Kursakatta, Narpatganj, Palasi, Raniganj, Sikti
2ArwalArwal, Kaler, Karpi, Kurtha, Sonbhadra Banshi Suryapur
3AurangabadAurangabad, Barun, Daudnagar, Deo, Goh, Haspura, Kutumba, Madanpur, Nabinagar, Obra, Rafiganj
4BankaAmarpur, Banka, Barahat, Bausi, Belhar, Chanan, Dhuraiya, Katoria, Phulidumar, Rajaun, Shambhuganj
5BegusaraiBachhwara, Bakhri, Balia, Barauni, Begusarai, Bhagwanpur, Birpur, Cheria Bariarpur, Chhorahi, Dandari, Garhpura, Khudabandpur, Mansurchak, Matihani, Naokothi, Sahebpur Kamal, Shamho Akha Kurha, Teghra
6BhagalpurBihpur, Gopalpur, Goradih, Ismailpur, Jagdishpur, Kahalgaon, Kharik, Narayanpur, Nathnagar, Naugachhia, Pirpainti, Rangra Chowk, Sabour Shahkund, Sonhaula, Sultanganj
7BhojpurAgiaon, Arrah, Barhara, Behea, Charpokhari, Garhani, Jagdishpur, Koilwar, Piro, Sahar, Sandesh, Shahpur, Tarari, Udwant Nagar
8BuxarBarhampur, Buxar, Chakki, Chaugain, Chausa, Dumraon, Itarhi, Kesath, Nawanagar, Rajpur, Simri
9DarbhangaAlinagar, Bahadurpur, Baheri, Benipur, Biraul, Darbhanga, Ghanshyampur, Gora Bauram, Hanumannagar, Hayaghat, Jale, Keotiranway, Kiratpur, Kusheshwar Asthan, Kusheshwar Asthan Purbi, Manigachhi, Singhwara, Tardih
10E.Champaran(Motihari)Adapur, Areraj, Banjaria, Bankatwa, Chakia(Pipra), Chiraia, Dhaka, Ghorasahan, Harsidhi, Kalyanpur, Kesaria, Kotwa, Madhuban, Mehsi, Motihari, Narkatia, Paharpur, Pakri Dayal, Patahi, Phenhara, Piprakothi, Ramgarhwa, Raxaul, Sangrampur, Sugauli, Tetaria, Turkaulia
11GayaAmas, Atri, Banke Bazar, Barachatti, Belaganj, Bodh Gaya, Dobhi, Dumaria, Fatehpur, Gaya Town CD Block, Guraru, Gurua, Imamganj, Khizirsarai, Konch, Manpur, Mohanpur, Muhra, Neem Chak Bathani, Paraiya, Sherghati, Tan Kuppa, Tikari, Wazirganj
12GopalganjBaikunthpur, Barauli, Bhorey, Bijaipur, Gopalganj, Hathua, Katiya, Kuchaikote, Manjha, Pach Deuri, phulwaria, Sidhwalia, Thawe, Uchkagaon
13JamuiBarhat, Chakai, Gidhaur, Islamnagar Aliganj, Jamui, Jhajha, Khaira, Lakshmipur, Sikandra, Sono
14JehanabadGhoshi, Hulasganj, Jehanabad, Kako, Makhdumpur, Modanganj, Ratni Faridpur
15KaimurAdhaura, Bhabua, Bhagwanpur, Chainpur, Chand, Durgawati, Kudra, Mohania, Nuaon, Ramgarh, Rampur
16KatiharAmdabad, Azamnagar, Balrampur, Barari, Barsoi, Dandkhora, Falka, Hasanganj, Kadwa, katihar, Korha, Kursela, Manihari, Mansahi, Pranpur, Sameli
17KhagariaAlauli, Beldaur, Chautham, Gogri, Khagaria, Mansi, Parbatta
18KishanganjBahadurganj, Dighalbank, Kishanganj, Kochadhamin, Pothia, Terhagachh, Thakurganj
19LakhisaraiBarahiya, Halsi, Lakhisarai, Pipariya, Ramgarh Chowk, Surajgarha
20MadhepuraAlamnagar, Bihariganj, Chausa, Gamharia, Ghailarh, Gwalpara, Kumarkhand, Madhepura, Murliganj, Puraini, Shankarpur, Singheshwar, Uda Kishanganj
21MadhubaniAndhratharhi, Babubarhi, Basopatti, Benipatti, Bisfi, Ghoghardiha, Harlakhi, Jainagar, Jhanjharpur, Kaluahi, Khajauli, Khutauna, Ladania, Lakhnaur Laukahi, Madhepur, Madhubani, Madhwapur, Pandaul, Phulparas, Rajnagar
22MungerAsarganj, Bariarpur, Dharhara, Jamalpur, Kharagpur, Munger, Sangrampur, Tarapur, Tetiha Bambor
23MuzaffarpurAurai, Bandra, Baruraj (Motipur), Bochaha, Dholi (Moraul), Gaighat, Kanti, Katra, Kurhani, Marwan, Minapur, Musahari, Paroo, Sahebganj, Sakra, Saraiya
24NalandaAsthawan, Ben, Bihar, Bind, Chandi, Ekangarsarai, Giriak, Harnaut, Hilsa, Islampur, Karai Parsurai, Katrisarai, Nagarnausa, Noorsarai, Parbalpur, Rahui, Rajgir, Sarmera, Silao, Tharthari
25NawadaAkbarpur, Gobindpur, Hisua, Kashi Chak, Kawakol, Meskaur, Nardiganj, Narhat, Nawada, Pakribarawan, Rajauli, Roh, Sirdala, Warisaliganj
26PatnaAthmalgola, Bakhtiarpur, Barh, Belchhi, Bihta, Bikram, Danapur-Cum-Khagaul, Daniawan, Dhanarua, Dulhin Bazar, Fatwah, Ghoswari, Khusrupur, Maner, Masaurhi, Mokameh, Naubatpur, Paliganj, Pandarak, Patna Sadar, Phulwari, Punpun, Sampatchak
27PurniaAmour, Baisa, Baisi, Banmankhi, Barhara, Bhawanipur, Dagarua, Dhamdaha, Jalalgarh, Kasba, Krityanand Nagar, Purnia East, Rupauli, Srinagar
28RohtasAkorhi Gola, Bikramganj, Chenari, Dawath, Dehri, Dinara, Karakat, Kargahar, Kochas, Nasriganj, Nauhatta, Nokha, Rajpur, Rohtas, Sanjhauli, Sasaram, Sheosagar, Suryapura, Tilouthu
29SaharsaBanma Itahri, Kahara, Mahishi, Nauhatta, Patarghat, Salkhua, Satar Kataiya, Saur Bazar, Simri Bakhtiarpur, Sonbarsa
30SamastipurBibhutpur, Bithan, Dalsinghsarai, Hasanpur, Kalyanpur, Khanpur, Mohanpur, Mohiuddinagar, Morwa, Patori, Pusa, Rosera, Samastipur, Sarairanjan, Shivaji Nagar, Singhia, Tajpur, Ujiarpur, Vidyapati Nagar, Warisnagar
31SaranAmnour, Baniapur, Chapra, Dariapur, Dighwara, Ekma, Garkha, Ishupur, Jalalpur, Lahladpur, Maker, Manjhi, Marhaura, Mashrakh, Nagra, Panapur, Parsa, Revelganj, Sonepur, Taraiya
32SeikhpuraAriari, Barbigha, Chewara, Ghat Kusumbha, Sheikhpura, Shekhopur Sarai
33SheoharDumri Katsari, Piprarhi, Purnahiya, Sheohar, Tariani Chowk
34SitamarhiBairgania, Bajpatti, Bathnaha, Belsand, Bokhara, Charaut, Dumra, Majorganj, Nanpur, Parihar, Parsauni, Pupri, Riga, Runisaidpur, Sonbarsa, Suppi, Sursand
35SiwanAndar, Barharia, Basantpur, Bhagwanpur Hat, Darauli, Daraundha, Goriakothi, Guthani, Hasanpura, Hussainganj, Lakri Nabiganj, Maharajganj, Mairwa, Nautan, Pachrukhi, Raghunathpur, Siswan, Siwan, Ziradei
36SupaulBasantpur, Chhatapur, Kishanpur, Marauna, Nirmali, Pipra, Pratapganj, Raghopur, Saraigarh Bhaptiyahi, Supaul, Tribeniganj
37VaishaliBhagwanpur, Bidupur, Chehra Kalan, Desri, Goraul, Hajipur, Jandaha, Lalganj, Mahnar, Mahua, Patepur, Paterhi Belsar, Raghopur, Raja Pakar, Sahdai Buzurg, Vaishali
38W.Champaran(Bettiah)Bagaha, Bairia, Bettiah, Bhitaha, Chanpatia, Gaunaha, Jogapatti, Lauriya, Madhubani, Mainatanr, Majhaulia, Narkatiaganj, Nautan, Piprasi, Ramnagar, Sidhaw, Sikta, Thakrahan

Cinema of Bihar

Topic Cinema
Bihar has a robust cinema industry for the Bhojpuri language. There are some small Maithili, Angika and Magadhi film industry. First Bhojpuri Film was Ganga Jamuna released in 1961."Lagi nahin chute ram" was the all-time superhit Bhojpuri film which was released against "Mugle Azam" but was a superhit in all the eastern and northern sector. Bollywood's Nadiya Ke Paar is among the most famous Bhojpuri language movie. The first Maithili movie was Kanyadan released in 1965,[105] of which a significant portion was made in the Maithili language. Bhaiyaa a Magadhi film was released in 1961. Bhojpuri's history begins in 1962 with the well-received film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo ("Mother Ganges, I will offer you a yellow sari"), which was directed by Kundan Kumar.Throughout the following decades, films were produced only in fits and starts. Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner", 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges", 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s.

In the 1980s, enough Bhojpuri films were produced to tentatively make up an industry. Films such as Mai ("Mom", 1989, directed by Rajkumar Sharma) and Hamar Bhauji ("My Brother's Wife", 1983, directed by Kalpataru) continued to have at least sporadic success at the box office. However, this trend faded out by the end of the decade, and by 1990, the nascent industry seemed to be completely finished.

The industry took off again in 2001 with the super hit Saiyyan Hamar ("My Sweetheart", directed by Mohan Prasad), which shot the hero of that film, Ravi Kissan, to superstardom. This success was quickly followed by several other remarkably successful films, including Panditji Batai Na Biyah Kab Hoi ("Priest, tell me when I will marry", 2005, directed by Mohan Prasad) and Sasura Bada Paisa Wala ("My father-in-law, the rich guy", 2005). In a measure of the Bhojpuri film industry's rise, both of these did much better business in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar than mainstream Bollywood hits at the time, and both films, made on extremely tight budgets, earned back more than ten times their production costs.Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. In 2008, he and Ravi Kissan are still the leading actors of Bhojpuri films, and their fees increase with their fame. The extremely rapid success of their films has led to dramatic increases in Bhojpuri cinema's visibility, and the industry now supports an awards show and a trade magazine, Bhojpuri City, which chronicles the production and release of what arenow over one hundred films per year. Many of the major stars of mainstream Bollywood cinema, including Amitabh Bachchan, have also recently worked in Bhojpuri films.

Media in Bihar

Topic Media
Biharbandhu was the first Hindi newspaper published from Bihar. It was started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a Maharashtrian Brahman settled in Biharsharif.Hindi journalism in Bihar, and specially Patna, could make little headway initially. It was mainly due to lack of respect for Hindi among the people at large. Many Hindi journals took birth and after a lapse of time vanished. Many journals were shelved even in the embryo. But once Hindi enlisted the official support, it started making a dent into the remote areas in Bihar. Hindi journalism also acquired wisdom and maturity and its longevity was prolonged. Hindi was introduced in the law courts in Bihar in 1880.

Urdu journalism and poetry has a glorious past in Bihar. Many poets belong to Bihar such as Shaad Azimabadi, Kaif Azimabadi, Kalim Ajiz and many more. Shanurahman, a world famous radio announcer, is from Bihar. Many Urdu dailies such as Qomi Tanzim and Sahara publish from Bihar at this time. There is a monthly Urdu magazine called "VOICE OF BIHAR" - which is the first of its kind and becoming popular among the Urdu speaking people.

The beginning of the twentieth century was marked by a number of notable new publications. A monthly magazine named Bharat Ratna was started from Patna in 1901. It was followed by Ksahtriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta from Dinapure, Patna, Udyoga and Chaitanya Chandrika.[116] Udyog was edited by Vijyaanand Tripathy, a famous poet of the time and Chaitanya Chandrika by Krishna Chaitanya Goswami, a literary figures of that time. The literary activity was not confined to Patna alone but to many districts of Bihar.

Magahi Parishad, established in Patna in 1952, pioneered Magadhi journalism in Bihar. It started the monthly journal, Magadhi, which was later renamed Bihan.

DD Bihar and ETV Bihar are the television channels dedicated to Bihar. Recently[when?] a dedicated Bhojpuri channel, Mahuaa TV has been launched followed by Hamar TV and Maurya TV.

Hindustan, Dainik Jagran, Aaj, Nayee Baat and Prabhat Khabar are some of the popular Hindi news papers of Bihar. National English dailies like The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Telegraph and The Economic Times have readers in the urban regions.

Transportation in Bihar

Topic Transportation
Bihar has two operational airports: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna, and the Gaya Airport, Gaya. The Patna airport is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Bangaluru, Hyderabad, Chennai, Pune and Ranchi.

The Patna airport is categorized as a restricted international airport, with customs facilities to receive international chartered flights.

It is also known as the most dangerous airport in India with a runway span of just around 6000 ft making landing of large planes like 747 and 777 impossible. Only small jets like A320, 737 etc. can land with full brakes,flaps and reverse thrust.

The Gaya Airport is an international airport connected to Colombo, Singapore, Bangkok, Paro and more.

Bihar is well-connected by railway lines to the rest of India. Most of the towns are interconnected, and they also are directly connected to Kolkata, Delhi and Mumbai. Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Katihar, Barauni and Chhapra are Bihar's best-connected railway stations.

The state has a vast network of National and State highways. East-West corridor goes through the cities of Bihar (Muzaffarpur-Darbhanga-Purnia NH57) 4-6 lanes.

For Buddhist pilgrims, the best option for travel to Bihar is to reach Patna or Gaya, either by air or train, and then travel to Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir and Vaishali. Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh also is not very far.

The Ganges – navigable throughout the year – was the principal river highway across the vast north Indo-Gangetic Plain. Vessels capable of accommodating five hundred merchants were known to ply this river in the ancient period; it served as a conduit for overseas trade, as goods were carried from Pataliputra (later Patna) and Champa (later Bhagalpur) out to the seas and to ports in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia. The role of Ganges as a channel for trade was enhanced by its natural links - it embraces all the major rivers and streams in both north and south Bihar.

In recent times Inland Waterways Authority of India has declared the Ganges between Allahabad and Haldia to be a national inland waterway and has taken steps to restore its navigability.

Contact Details of DM & SP

Topic Government and Administration

Contact Details of DM & SP of District of Bihar

S.No. District District Magistrate (DM) Superintendent of Police (SP)
Email ID Contact No. Email ID Contact No.
1 Araria (06453) 222001(O) 222102(R) 06453-222050, 06453-222333
2 Arwal (06337) 228994(O) 228988(R) 06337-228639
3 Aurangabad (06186) 223167(O) 223168(R) 06186-222175, 06186-222909
4 Banka (06424) 232304(O) 232303(R) 06424-232306
5 Begusarai (06243) 212885(O) 200584(R) 06243-223015 ,224019
6 Bhagalpur (0641) 2400012(O) 2401202(R) 0641-2401003
7 Bhojpur (06182) 221312(O) 223311(R ) 06182-221320 ,223303
8 Buxar (06183) 222336(O) 222335(R) 06183-222030, 222375
9 Darbhanga (06272) 240335(O) 240386(R) 06272-233430, 233326
10 E.Champaran(Motihari) (06252) 222694(O) 242800(R) 06252-222684, 222912
11 Gaya (0631) 2420005(O) 2420008(R) 0631-2420003, 2420110
12 Gopalganj (06156) 224661(O) 224662(R) 06156-224669, 224400
13 Jamui (06345) 222002(O) 222001(R) 06345-222302, 222301
14 Jehanabad (06114) 223072(O) 223001(R) 06114-223108, 223110
15 Kaimur (06189) 223241(O) 223250(R) 06189-223211, 223672
16 Katihar (06452) 222581(O) 222583(R) 06452-222601, 222602
17 Khagaria (06244) 221350(O) 222134(R) 06244-222086, 223519
18 Kishanganj (06456) 222530(O) 222534(R) 06456-222338, 223138
19 Lakhisarai (06346) 232124(O) 232490(R) 06346-222707, 222705
20 Madhepura (06476) 222741(O) 222742(R) 06476-222004, 222003
21 Madhubani (06276) 222217(O) 222218(R) 06276-223486, 223466
22 Munger (06344) 222402(O) 222401(R) 06344-222406, 222272
23 Muzaffarpur (0621) 2212101(O) 2212105(R) 0621-2247797, 2242107
24 Nalanda (06112) 225203(O) 225204(R ) 06112-225207, 223978
25 Nawada (06324) 222253(O) 222240(R) 06324-222489, 222263
26 Patna (0612) 2222545(O) 2222097(R ) , , , 0612-2224318,0612-2667393
27 Purnia (06454) 222503(O) 222501® 06454-222508, 222502
28 Rohtas (06184)222226(O)222224(R) 06184-253204, 250235
29 Saharsa (06478) 224102(O) 223601(R) 06478-224556, 225554
30 Samastipur (06274) 222300(O) 222301(R) 06274-222034, 222034
31 Saran (06152) 232301(O) 232302(R) 06152-232306, 06152-222720
32 Seikhpura (06341) 223041(O) 223100(R) 06341-23339, 23037
33 Sheohar (06222) 257263(O) 257360(R) 06222-287345, 287344
34 Sitamarhi (06226) 250439(O) 250405(R) 06226-220405, 220415
35 Siwan (06154) 242099(O) 242098(R) 06154-222060, 222366
36 Supaul (06473) 223112(O) 223111(R) 06473-223122, 223686
37 Vaishali (06224) 272201(O) 272503(R) 06224-272318, 272307
38 W.Champaran(Bettiah) (06254) 232534(O) 232535(R) 06254-232563, 06254-248960
Please Visit District Website for Updated Contact

Tourism in Bihar

Topic Tourist place in Bihar
Bihar is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world, with a history spanning 3,000 years. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments spread throughout the state. Bihar is visited by scores of tourists from all over the world,[121] with around 6,000,000 (6 million) tourists visiting Bihar every year.

In earlier days, tourism in the region was purely based educational tourism, as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda University & Vikramaśīla University.

Bihar is one of the most sacred place for various religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Islam.

Mahabodhi Temple, a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site is also situated in Bihar. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna, is the second longest river bridge in the world.

Bihar Government Departments

Topic Government and Administration

Bihar Government Departments, Agencies and public utilities(website)

Bihar Government | Rural Development Department, Bihar | Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board (BCECEB) | Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB) | Bihar State Electricity Board | Housing Board, Bihar | State Board of Technical Education, Bihar Bihar Staff Selection Commission | State Election Commission, Bihar | Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) | Bihar Education Project Council | Bihar Industrial Area Development Authority (BIADA) | Disaster Management, Bihar | State Health Society, Bihar Legislative Council, Bihar | Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library | Directorate of Distance Education, Jai Prakash University | Lalit Narayan Mishra Institute of Economic Development and Social Change (LNMI) | Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga | Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology | Nalanda Open University | National Institute of Technology, Patna | Patna Science College | Patna University | Rajendra Agricultural University (RAU) | State Board of Technical Education, Bihar | State Institute of Education Technology, Patna | Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University (TMBU) | Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (IGIMS), Patna | Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) | Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) | Bihar Mahadalit Vikas Mission | SC/ST Welfare Department,Bihar

District Website

Topic Government and Administration

Tourist Destinations In Bihar

Topic Tourist place in Bihar
Major Tourist Destinations In Bihar

BODHGAYA       :
   The place where Lord Buddha attained the Supreme enlightenment. The famous Mahabodhi Temple, a world Heritage, stands here.                                                             


        : The world’s highest Buddhist Stupa (Pagoda)                                                     East champaran

          :  First Buddhist Council was held here                                                                  Nalanda

        : Remains of ancient Nalanda University                                                                Nalanda

        : Place of world’s First Republic /second Buddhist council was held here                    Vaishali

  :Remains of ancient Vikramshila University                                                             Bhagalpur

:Traces of Buddhist shrines are found among the rocks. Chaityas and large
“Veharsâ€�? or Buddhist monasteries once stood there.                                                                      Aurangabad

  :         Ashokan Pillar                                                                             West Champaran

         : Ashokan Pillar                                                                                                East Champaran

         : Buddhist statues are found here                                                                          Aurangabad
Prominent Jain Spots

         : Believed to be the birth place of Lord Mahavir, the 24th Jain
                           Tirthankar Muzaffarpur                                                                                                  

             :  Jain Temples                                                                                               Nalanda

        : Jain Temples                                                                                                Nalanda

:  Do                                                                                                             Nalanda

     :  Do                                                                                                             Jamui

        : The place where 24th Jain Tirthankar, Lord Mahavir, was cremated                      Nalanda                    

: Important Jain pilgrimage                                                                                Banka

            : Jain pilgrimage in and around                                                                           Bhojpur
Prominent Sikh Spots

: Birth place of the 10th Sikh Gobind Singh Jee                                                      Patna

Prominent Islamic Spots

BIHARSHARIF         : Prominent religious center                                                                         Nalanda

: Prominent religious center                                                                         Patna

      : Associated with Sufi Saint Hazrat Yahya Maneri                                              Patna
Prominent Hindu Pilgrimage

                    : Ancient Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu/
Here the Hindus offer oblation to there ancestors                                                                         Gaya

          : Prominent religious center                                                                        Bhagalpur

                    : Prominent religious center /Also famous for Many Hot springs                        Nalanda
HARIHAR KSHETRA : Prominent religious center /Famous for the world’s                                      Sonepur

        : Biggest cattle fair- Harihar Kshetra

                : Prominent religious center                                                                        Banka

             : Birth place o legendary Sita                                                                      Sitamarhi

                     : Ancient Goddess Durga (Bhawani) Temple                                                 Siwan

            :  Prominent religious center associated with legendary Sitaadhubani

                        : Ancient Goddess Durga Temple                                                                 Saran

               : Ancient Ugratara (Goddess Durga) Temple                                                  Saharsa

: Ancient Goddess Durga Temple                                                           Kaimur

: Prominent religious center                                                                        Munger

      : Ancient Shiva Temple                                                                              Madhepura

                        : Ancient Sun Temple                                                                                Aurangabad

: Prominent religious center                                                                        Patna
Prominent Archaeological Sites

         : Many archaeological sites                                                                              Gaya

           : Remains of the ancient Nalanda University                                                       Nalanda

             : Many archeological sites in and around                                                            Nalanda

MANER                 : Archaeological sites                                                                                     Patna

           :3rd. Century B.C. caves                                                                                Jehanabad

                     : Ancient sun temple                                                                                    Aurangabad

                    : Ancient Vishnu Temple                                                                               Gaya


          : Cave paintings                                                                                            Kaimur

               : Ashokan pillar                                                                                             West Champaran

      : Ancient Buddhist Stupa                                                                               West Champaran

                 :Many archaeological sites in and around                                                           Patna

SHERSHAH MAUSOLEUM                                                                                                       Do Rohtas

            : Ashokan pillar an stupas, etc                                                                        Vaishali

     : Remains of the ancient Vikramshila University                                                  Bhagalpur 
Flora &fauna

           : Hills &forests, Hot water springs                                                                      Nalanda 

           : Water fall, Hills &forests                                                                                 Nawada

        : Hills &forests, Cave painting, Streams, Water falls                                               Kaimur

       : Hills &forests, Streams, Hot water springs and wild life                                        Munger

Kosi River The Sorrow of Bihar

Topic Rivers of Bihar
The Kosi River ( कोसी नदी) is one of the largest tributaries of the Ganga River . Kosi river is called Koshi in Nepal and is a Tran boundary river between Nepal and India. The river basin is surrounded by the ridges separating it from the Brahmaputra in the north, the Gandaki in the west, the Mahananda in the east, and by the Ganga in the south. Kamlā, Bāghmati (Kareh) and Budhi Gandak are major tributaries of Koshi in India, besides minor tributaries like Bhutahi Balān. Over the last 250 years, the Kosi River has shifted its course over 120 kilometres from east to west. The Kosi River (The Sorrow of Bihar) is one of two major tributaries, the other river being Gandak, draining the plains of north Bihar, the most flood-prone area of India. This river is mentioned in the epic Mahabharata as Kauśiki.
The Kosi river has seven major tributaries. These tributaries encircle Mt Everest from all sides and are fed by the world's highest glaciers. After descends from the mountains they merge and called simply the Koshi. After flowing 58 km in Nepal, it enters the north Bihar plains near Bhimnagar and after another 260 km , flows into the Ganges near Kursela. The river travels a distance of 729 km from its source to the confluence with the Ganga.
The Kosi river fan located in northeast Bihar and eastern Mithila is 180 km long and 150 km -wide alluvial cone shows evidence of lateral channel shifting exceeding 120 km during the past 250 years through more than 12 distinct channels. The river, which used to flow near Purnea in the 18th century, now flows west of Saharsa.
Two famous national parks are located in the Koshi river basin: the Sagarmatha National Park, in eastern Nepal and the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve situated in Eastern Nepal. Sagarmatha National park is located in eastern Nepal is also included as a UNESCO world heritage site, was created on July 19, 1976.
The Kosi is known as the “Sorrow of Bihar�? when it flows from Nepal to India, as it has caused widespread human suffering in the past through flooding and very frequent changes in course. The Kosi Barrage has been designed for a peak flood of 27,014 m³/s
Kosi Barrage, also called Bhimnagar Barrage after the name of the place where it was built between the years 1959 and 1963 straddles the Indo-Nepal border. It is an irrigation, flood control and hydropower generation project on the Kosi river
built under a bilateral agreement between Nepal and India: the entire cost of the project was borne by India. The catchment area of the river is 61,788 in Nepal at the Barrage site.


Topic Tourist place in Bihar
Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) was established in the year 1981 for the development of tourism in the State of Bihar and for commercialization of Tourist Resources available with the State. To achieve this objective various tourist infrastructure like Tourist Bungalow, Cafeteria, Restaurant, Transportation facilities and Ropeway are provided at various tourists spots by Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation.
BSTDC has taken major initiatives to show the potential of tourist places of Bihar to the World. This website is an effort to provide easy information to the tourists visiting Bihar. It aims to provide information related to important tourist places of Bihar State. The details of available facilities such as Accommodation, Transport, Tour Packages, Tourist Information Centers are available with the site.

Useful Links (Agriculture)

Topic Agriculture of Bihar

Department of Agriculture and Co-operation
Directorate of Extension
Indian Council of Agril. Research (ICAR)
Commission for Agriculture  Costs and Prices
Plant Quarantine Organisation of India
National Seeds Corporation limited
Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Devep. Authority (APEDA)
National Horticulture Board
National Cooperative Development Corporation
National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils Devp. Board
Central Insecticides Board Registration Committee
Coconut Development Board
Export Import Bank of India
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
Department of Fertilizers
Department of Food processing Industries
Ministry of Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution
Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Ministry of Rural Devp. (Department of Land Resources)
Ministry of Water Resources
Ministry of Environment and Forests
National Disaster Management (Ministry of Home Affairs)
Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage 
Directorate of Economics & Statistics    
Crop Related Websites

Coconut Development Board
National Medicinal Plants Board
National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils Development Board
The Cotton Corporation of India Ltd.
Central Institute for Cotton Research
Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology
Directorate of Rice Development
Directorate of Cotton Development
Directorate of Wheat Development
Directorate Of Sugarcane Development
Directorate of Cashewnut & Cocoa Development
Directorate of Jute Development
Directorate of Tobacco Development
Directorate of Millets Development
Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development
National Research Centre for Cashew
Coffee Board of India
Tobacco Board of India
National Research Centre for Onion and Garlic
National Research Centre for Grapes (NRCG)
National Research Centre for Citrus (NRCC)
National Research Centre for Groundnut (NRCG)
National Research Centre for Soybean
National Research Centre for Sorghum
National Research Centre for Medicinal & Aromatic Plants (NRCMAP)
Disaster Management
Disaster Management Department, Government of Bihar
Flood Management Information System, Government of Bihar  
Agricultural Universities

Rajendra Agriculture University, Pusa, Samastipur (Bihar)
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU)
Assam Agricultural University (AAU)
Birsa Agricultural University (BAU )
CCS Haryana Agricultural University ( HAU )
Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology (CSAUT)
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (PKV)
Gobind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology (GBPUAT)
Gujarat Agricultural university ( GAU)
Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (HPKVV)
Kerala Agricultural University (KAU)
Mahatma Phule Krishi Viyapeeth ( MPKV)
Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology (OUAT)
Punjab Agricultural University (PAU)
Tamilnadu Agricultural University ( TNAU)
University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS, Bangalore)
University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Dharwad
Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horti. & Forestry (YSPUH&F)    
International Organisations
Agriculture Network Information Center, US
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
Center for International Forestry Research
Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo
International Center for Agricultural Research in the dry lands
International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management
International Centre for Research in Agroforestry
International Crops Research Institute for the semi-arid tropics
IITA - International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
IPGRI - International Plant Genetic Resources Institute
IRRI - International Rice Research Institute
ISNAR - International Service for National Agricultural Research
International Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences (CABI)
The National Agricultural Library, USDA
United States Department of Agriculture
United Nations  
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO)
World bank
Agriculture Technology Managment Agencies (ATMA)
Amravati, Maharashtra
Dumka, Jharkhand
West Singhbhum, Jharkhand
Kurnool, AP
Chittoor, AP
Prakasam, AP
Khurda, Orissa
Koraput, Orissa  
State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institutes (SAMETI)
Hyderabad, AP
Nagpur, Maharashtra
Jharkhand, Ranchi
Bameti, Bihar, Patna    
Agriculture portals  
Bihar Rajya Beej Nigam Ltd, Patna
Punjab Marketing Board
Rajasthan State Marketing Board
Maharashtra Marketing Board
Delhi Agricultural Marketing Board
Uttar Pradesh Mandi Board
Meghalaya State Marketing Board
Assam State Agril. Marketing Board
Haryana State Marketing Board
Orrissa State Marketing Board
Himachal Pradesh Marketing Board
Online Reporting for ATMA

Patna City Bus Ride Root

Topic Transportation

Patna City Bus Ride Root and Time

Red Buses on Route 1 – Khagaul Birla Military Police camp, Phulwarisharif, Anisabad, Chitkohra, R Block, GPO roundabout, Frazer Road and Gandhi Maidan.
Time – Morning 5 A:M to 10 P:M
No. of Buses – 12
Buses after every 15 minutes.

Blue Buses on Route 2 – Gandhi Maidan frazer road – Patna Junction, G.P.O, R Block, Income tax golambar, baily road, saguna moar, danapur.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11 P:M
No. of Buses – 18

Green Buses on Route 3 – to Rajapur Pul, Kurji and Digha, danapur.
Time – Morning 8 AM to 11:00 P:M
No. of Buses – 12

Yellow Buses on Route 4 – Gandhi Maidan, PMCH, Tripolia hospital, gaighat
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11:35 P:M
No. of buses – 4

Orange Buses on Route 5 – Mithapur Bus stand, New Bypass, Pahari Moar, Agamkuan, Kumhrar Park, Bahadurpur, Rajendra nagar terminal, chiraiyatarh, karbigahiya, mithapur bus stand.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11:35 P:M
No. of Buses – 6

Purple Buses on Route 6 – Gandhi maidan, rajapur, kurji, st. micheal school, alpana cinema moar, IAS colony.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 8 P:M
No. of Buses – 6

Sky Blue buses on Route 7 – Gandhi maidan, rajaapur, kurji, IIT, patliputra golambar, AN college, boring road.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11:30 P:M
No. of Buses – 12

Note: on everyline pink color buses were only for ladies.
Rs. 500/- fine for travelling without ticket.

Above information is of on 15th May 2011.

Bihar State Road Transport Corporation and Eden Transport Private Limited.

Additionally, the buses have been equipped with closed circuit TV cameras, to curb crime against passengers. The buses will have music systems and seats have been reserved for senior citizens and physically challenged persons in each bus.

Very soon eight air-conditioned buses will also be catering to passengers on route 2 and 6.

Bihar News Portal

Topic Newspaper and Magazine of Bihar News Portal
One of the most popular & most widely circulated English-language newspapers in Bihar. The newspaper focusing on national news, special stories, climate, economy, world news, business, economy, health, medicine, science, technology, interview, sports, development news, education in Bihar, cinema, showbiz, Jharkhand news, culture of Bihar, and more.
Leading Bihari newspaper focusing on latest news, sports, lifestyle, recipes, city life, village life, upcoming events, politics, and more.
Popular Hindi language newspaper published in Ranchi. The newspaper covers latest events, Railway time, city news from Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Biharsarif, Ara, Munge, Chapra, Katihar, Purnia, Danapur, Sasaram, and Dehri Festivals like Dala Chhath, Kartik Chhath, Teej, Chitragupta Puja, Teej and Chitragupta Puja, and more.
Featuring rural news coverage, agriculture, Bihar's economy, politics, tourism, state news, music of Bihar, weather, science, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and more.
Bihar News Portal covers people, jobs, religion, education, and more.
Providing complete news and information on Political news, Government news, development and business news as well as Tourism in Bihar.
Focus both on Bihar and Jharkhand for News and other information .
Magnificient Bihar –
Danik Bhaskar -

Patna Municipal Corporation

Topic Government and Administration
  The Patna Municipal Corporation was established on the 15th August 1952, in accordance with The Patna Municipal Corporation Act, 1951, which was published in the Bihar Gazettes Extraordinary No.249 the 30th July 1952, by the Govt. Of Bihar in their Notification No. L.S.G. 1088/52 Leg-538 dated 26th July 1952. The Patna Municipal Corporation Act 1951 came into force on 15-08-1952 with the enforcement of Act, the former Patna City Municipality, the former Patna administrative committee and the former Patna Bankipur joint water works committee were replaced by The Patna Municipal Corporation on 15-08-1952. Thus came into being a New Civic Body with the merger of the 88 year Old Patna City Municipality and the 35 year old Patna Administration Committee with more powers and responsibilities and the PMC was established with effect from 15th August 1952, by virtue of orders issued by Govt. in their notification No. 6613 dated 9th August, 1952, published in the Bihar Gazettes Extraordinary No.95 the 11th August 1952. The first election of the councilors were completed in March 1954, but they came in office on the 1st February 1955.

District Education Officer

Topic Refrences
  Download Contact Details of District Education Officer(Bihar)

Government Welfare Schemes

Topic Government and Administration

Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY): Bihar
The objective of Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY) is to provide sustainable income to the rural poor. The programme aims at establishing a large number of micro-enterprises in the rural areas, based upon the potential of the rural poor. It is envisaged that every family assisted under SGSY will be brought above the poverty-line with in a period of three years.
Indira Aawas Yojana: Bihar
The objective of Indira Aawas Yojana is primarily to help construction/upgradation of dwelling units by members of SC/STs, freed bonded labourers and also other BPL non-SC/ST rural households by providing them a lump sum financial assistance.
Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) : Bihar
The Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) aims at mitigating the adverse effects of drought on the production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources. It strives to encourage restoration of ecological balance and seeks to improve the economic and social conditions of the poor and the disadvantaged sections of the rural community.
Visit for more information about Government Welfare Scheme.


Topic Mujhe Kuch Kehna Hai !!

The world is changing constantly and it is said that ‘those who do not change, they perish in the cut throat competition of survival.

Human beings are the part of biological evolution and witnessed the various changes like agricultural evolution, science evolution and technical evolution.
The world has changed from baggies to buses, cars, railways, aero planes.
From posts to World Wide Web (www),
 From schools to e- education,
 From radio to satellites
And so on.

Changes are the part of life without which progress can’t be achieved.
For simplification,
We can classify ‘change’ in three broad types viz.
Ø Sustainable changes,
Ø Discontinuous or random changes and
Ø Tsunami or unexpected change.

Sustainable changes are the natural changes, where humans can’t interfere or it is not under will power.
For example: growth of a child into an adult is natural and continuous process.
Continuity is the law of nature and we can’t break the laws of universe as There Is No Alternative (TINA).  Any interference with the nature can damage the life cycle or unbalance of human life.

Random changes are discontinuous; they come and disappear in the nature but can disturb the human life. Pandemic or endemic diseases in particular seasons can cause disturbances and are random changes.

The third and very important change is the tsunami change or unexpected change which brings lots of unpredicted changes and can change the lifestyle or hypnotize the people.
For example: Change of traditional vendors to the shopping malls or
Selling of land for industrial set up or Democracy after a forceful slavery is also the biggest change.
A change from inequality to equality is also a tsunami change.

When we try to correlate our life with the advanced technology, we can experience the tsunami change in our lifestyle and in thinking process.
Homo sapien sapien (humans) has been facing the new evolution of technology.
Life has changed its functioning process and has become more technical and professional.
Uses of sophisticated gadgets diminish the emotional quotient of human beings. Success has occupied the place of happiness and took over the charge of brain.
Heart is also technically modified as brain and working continuously for success and forgot to connect with life.  
Life has become more complicated and entrapped in the 24 hours clock.

The disturbed biological clock, stressful life, cardiovascular diseases and other psychological stress, health problems are some of the problems rose due to the modern technologies.

It is said that “if we want to achieve something in life then we have to lose something�? Though we have achieved something but we have lost many things. Technology has given us most comfortable life but also created nuclear families, where we don’t have time for our beloved ones.
Yes!!!! We know that every coin has two sides

We can’t ignore the technology because it has played a very important role in human civilization and will play in future too.
Everything in excess is poisonous!
But sophistication has become the part of human life but somewhere life needs introspection for further better life.
Life is god’s gift for everyone, why one should waste this wonderful life? Life is just once, live it!! Live for yourself, for beloved ones.
Enjoy the freedom of soul and let us thanks everyone to whom we owe to.
Let us be the free from all bindings and say
 â€˜Deep in my heart, I do believe that we shall overcome one day’.

              Sarika N. Suryawanshi

List of Agro based Industries

Topic Agriculture of Bihar
  Districtwise List of Agro based Industries visit

154 Doctor will be appointed on contract

Topic Bihar News

For more information visit

About Home Department, Government of Bihar

Topic Government and Administration
Home Department plays a key role in Administration. It is bedrock of Police Administration. This Department oversees the maintenance of law and order; prevention and control of crimes; prosecution of criminals besides dealing with Fire Services and Prisons Administration.

It is the nodal Department so far as State Secretariat Service is concerned. Apart from these, Fire Services, Home Guards Services are also being looked after in Home Department. It is closely connected with the conduct of elections to Parliament, and State Legislatures. It keeps a close liaison with Defence Services of Military and Civil Co-operation and for setting up of defence projects in the State.

Divisions of Department:
  1. Home (Special)
  2. Home (Police)
  3. Prison
  4. Police HQ
  5. Home Guard
  6. Fire Service
  7. Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL)
  8. Bihar Police Building Construction Corporation
  9. Police Radio
  10. Police Laboratory (Handwriting)
  11. Photo & Finger Print Bureau
  12. Sainik Kalyan
  13. Prosecution
For more information Visit

Flood Management Information System (FMIS), Bihar

Topic Government and Administration
Flood Management Information System, Bihar finds its genesis in the brainstorming meeting on Jan 18, 2006 in which the Government of Bihar (GoB) and the World Bank agreed on a water sector partnership matrix and action plan in three time horizons. In the short term it was proposed to improve the technical and institutional capacity of the State of Bihar for flood management, introducing the extensive use of modern information technologies developing and implementing a comprehensive Flood Management Information System (FMIS) in priority areas.

Mukhyamantri Kanya Suraksha Yojna

Topic Government and Administration
Mukhyamantri Kanya Suraksha Yojana ensures the rightful place of pride in the society for a girl child, her safety and security, improve the sex ratio and to encourage registration of birth.

The scheme launched jointly by the Bihar Government Social Welfare Department, State Women Development Corporation, and the UTI Asset Management Company, would incur a spending Rs. 140 crore to empower over 7 lakh girls and needy women in the state. Tripartite Memorandum of Undertaking was signed on June 7, 2008. The state government would invest Rs. 2,000 for the first two girls in a family living under the Below Poverty Level (BPL) and born on or after November 22, 2007. The amount of Rs.2000/- will be invested by Women Development Corporation, Patna, Bihar on behalf Government of Bihar in UTI-Children’s Career Balanced Plan-Growth Option. On completion of 18 years the amount equal to the maturity value will be paid to the girl child (Rs. 18000/-). Incase of death of girl child during the intervening period the amount will be paid back to Women Development Corporation, Patna, Bihar. Mukhya Mantri Kanya Suraksha Yojana of Government of Bihar will benefit around 7 lakh girl children born in families living below the poverty line each year. This money could come very handy in pursuing higher education or start a small business if the girls wished to do so.
Under the new scheme, 250 schools would be developed exclusively for the girls in which education would be imparted on the Plus-2 system. Free text books would be provided up to the 8th grade while a stipend of Rs. 200 per month would be given to the needy widows under a scheme dubbed as Lakshmi Bai Pension Plan.

UTI Children’s Career Balanced Plan
UTI Children’s Career Balanced Plan was launched in July 1993 as an openended Plan. Under the Plan, investment can be made in the name of children so as to provide them after they attain the age of 18 years a means to meet the cost of higher education or any other social obligation.
Fund collected under UTI Children’s Career Balanced Plan are invested in equities, debentures/bonds of companies and other money market instruments. The scheme has an asset allocation limit of minimum 60% in debt and maximum 40% in equities/equity related instruments.

Regional Passport Office Patna (Bihar)

Topic Government and Administration
Regional Passport Office Patna started functioning from 1977. It caters to all the districts of Bihar. The office is located at D-Block, Maurya Lok Complex, Patna-1.Application Forms
How to Fill Forms Affidavits
Fee structure How to apply for passport
Tatkaal Scheme
Online Registration Agent
Passport Act RTI Introduction
Office Address
Office Timings
List Of Holidays
Jurisdiction Contact
Where To Apply
ListofTravel Agents
Counter Details Complaints

To know the status of your application click here

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)

Topic Government and Administration
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act aims at enhancing the livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing hundred days of wage-employment in a financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
Public Grievance Redressal [HELPLINE -1800110707 ]

Information Sheet on ICT Infrastructure at Block/Panchayat Samiti/Mandal

For more about The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and various report visit



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