Friday, 14 October 2016

About Bihar

Tourism in Bihar

Topic Tourist place in Bihar
Bihar is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world, with a history spanning 3,000 years. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments spread throughout the state. Bihar is visited by scores of tourists from all over the world,[121] with around 6,000,000 (6 million) tourists visiting Bihar every year.

In earlier days, tourism in the region was purely based educational tourism, as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda University & Vikramaśīla University.

Bihar is one of the most sacred place for various religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Islam.

Mahabodhi Temple, a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site is also situated in Bihar. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna, is the second longest river bridge in the world.

Bihar Government Departments

Topic Government and Administration

Bihar Government Departments, Agencies and public utilities(website)

Bihar Government | Rural Development Department, Bihar | Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board (BCECEB) | Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB) | Bihar State Electricity Board | Housing Board, Bihar | State Board of Technical Education, Bihar Bihar Staff Selection Commission | State Election Commission, Bihar | Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) | Bihar Education Project Council | Bihar Industrial Area Development Authority (BIADA) | Disaster Management, Bihar | State Health Society, Bihar Legislative Council, Bihar | Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library | Directorate of Distance Education, Jai Prakash University | Lalit Narayan Mishra Institute of Economic Development and Social Change (LNMI) | Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga | Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology | Nalanda Open University | National Institute of Technology, Patna | Patna Science College | Patna University | Rajendra Agricultural University (RAU) | State Board of Technical Education, Bihar | State Institute of Education Technology, Patna | Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University (TMBU) | Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (IGIMS), Patna | Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) | Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) | Bihar Mahadalit Vikas Mission | SC/ST Welfare Department,Bihar

District Website

Topic Government and Administration

Tourist Destinations In Bihar

Topic Tourist place in Bihar
Major Tourist Destinations In Bihar

BODHGAYA       :
   The place where Lord Buddha attained the Supreme enlightenment. The famous Mahabodhi Temple, a world Heritage, stands here.                                                             


        : The world’s highest Buddhist Stupa (Pagoda)                                                     East champaran

          :  First Buddhist Council was held here                                                                  Nalanda

        : Remains of ancient Nalanda University                                                                Nalanda

        : Place of world’s First Republic /second Buddhist council was held here                    Vaishali

  :Remains of ancient Vikramshila University                                                             Bhagalpur

:Traces of Buddhist shrines are found among the rocks. Chaityas and large
“Veharsâ€�? or Buddhist monasteries once stood there.                                                                      Aurangabad

  :         Ashokan Pillar                                                                             West Champaran

         : Ashokan Pillar                                                                                                East Champaran

         : Buddhist statues are found here                                                                          Aurangabad
Prominent Jain Spots

         : Believed to be the birth place of Lord Mahavir, the 24th Jain
                           Tirthankar Muzaffarpur                                                                                                  

             :  Jain Temples                                                                                               Nalanda

        : Jain Temples                                                                                                Nalanda

:  Do                                                                                                             Nalanda

     :  Do                                                                                                             Jamui

        : The place where 24th Jain Tirthankar, Lord Mahavir, was cremated                      Nalanda                    

: Important Jain pilgrimage                                                                                Banka

            : Jain pilgrimage in and around                                                                           Bhojpur
Prominent Sikh Spots

: Birth place of the 10th Sikh Gobind Singh Jee                                                      Patna

Prominent Islamic Spots

BIHARSHARIF         : Prominent religious center                                                                         Nalanda

: Prominent religious center                                                                         Patna

      : Associated with Sufi Saint Hazrat Yahya Maneri                                              Patna
Prominent Hindu Pilgrimage

                    : Ancient Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu/
Here the Hindus offer oblation to there ancestors                                                                         Gaya

          : Prominent religious center                                                                        Bhagalpur

                    : Prominent religious center /Also famous for Many Hot springs                        Nalanda
HARIHAR KSHETRA : Prominent religious center /Famous for the world’s                                      Sonepur

        : Biggest cattle fair- Harihar Kshetra

                : Prominent religious center                                                                        Banka

             : Birth place o legendary Sita                                                                      Sitamarhi

                     : Ancient Goddess Durga (Bhawani) Temple                                                 Siwan

            :  Prominent religious center associated with legendary Sitaadhubani

                        : Ancient Goddess Durga Temple                                                                 Saran

               : Ancient Ugratara (Goddess Durga) Temple                                                  Saharsa

: Ancient Goddess Durga Temple                                                           Kaimur

: Prominent religious center                                                                        Munger

      : Ancient Shiva Temple                                                                              Madhepura

                        : Ancient Sun Temple                                                                                Aurangabad

: Prominent religious center                                                                        Patna
Prominent Archaeological Sites

         : Many archaeological sites                                                                              Gaya

           : Remains of the ancient Nalanda University                                                       Nalanda

             : Many archeological sites in and around                                                            Nalanda

MANER                 : Archaeological sites                                                                                     Patna

           :3rd. Century B.C. caves                                  nbsp;                                              Jehanabad

                     : Ancient sun temple                                                                                    Aurangabad

                    : Ancient Vishnu Temple                                                                               Gaya


          : Cave paintings                                                                                            Kaimur

               : Ashokan pillar                                                                                             West Champaran

      : Ancient Buddhist Stupa                                                                               West Champaran

                 :Many archaeological sites in and around                                                           Patna

SHERSHAH MAUSOLEUM                                                                                                       Do Rohtas

            : Ashokan pillar an stupas, etc                                                                        Vaishali

     : Remains of the ancient Vikramshila University                                                  Bhagalpur 
Flora &fauna

           : Hills &forests, Hot water springs                                                                      Nalanda 

           : Water fall, Hills &forests                                                                                 Nawada

        : Hills &forests, Cave painting, Streams, Water falls                                               Kaimur

       : Hills &forests, Streams, Hot water springs and wild life                                        Munger

Kosi River The Sorrow of Bihar

Topic Rivers of Bihar
The Kosi River ( कोसी नदी) is one of the largest tributaries of the Ganga River . Kosi river is called Koshi in Nepal and is a Tran boundary river between Nepal and India. The river basin is surrounded by the ridges separating it from the Brahmaputra in the north, the Gandaki in the west, the Mahananda in the east, and by the Ganga in the south. Kamlā, Bāghmati (Kareh) and Budhi Gandak are major tributaries of Koshi in India, besides minor tributaries like Bhutahi Balān. Over the last 250 years, the Kosi River has shifted its course over 120 kilometres from east to west. The Kosi River (The Sorrow of Bihar) is one of two major tributaries, the other river being Gandak, draining the plains of north Bihar, the most flood-prone area of India. This river is mentioned in the epic Mahabharata as Kauśiki.
The Kosi river has seven major tributaries. These tributaries encircle Mt Everest from all sides and are fed by the world's highest glaciers. After descends from the mountains they merge and called simply the Koshi. After flowing 58 km in Nepal, it enters the north Bihar plains near Bhimnagar and after another 260 km , flows into the Ganges near Kursela. The river travels a distance of 729 km from its source to the confluence with the Ganga.
The Kosi river fan located in northeast Bihar and eastern Mithila is 180 km long and 150 km -wide alluvial cone shows evidence of lateral channel shifting exceeding 120 km during the past 250 years through more than 12 distinct channels. The river, which used to flow near Purnea in the 18th century, now flows west of Saharsa.
Two famous national parks are located in the Koshi river basin: the Sagarmatha National Park, in eastern Nepal and the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve situated in Eastern Nepal. Sagarmatha National park is located in eastern Nepal is also included as a UNESCO world heritage site, was created on July 19, 1976.
The Kosi is known as the “Sorrow of Bihar�? when it flows from Nepal to India, as it has caused widespread human suffering in the past through flooding and very frequent changes in course. The Kosi Barrage has been designed for a peak flood of 27,014 m³/s
Kosi Barrage, also called Bhimnagar Barrage after the name of the place where it was built between the years 1959 and 1963 straddles the Indo-Nepal border. It is an irrigation, flood control and hydropower generation project on the Kosi river
built under a bilateral agreement between Nepal and India: the entire cost of the project was borne by India. The catchment area of the river is 61,788 in Nepal at the Barrage site.


Topic Tourist place in Bihar
Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) was established in the year 1981 for the development of tourism in the State of Bihar and for commercialization of Tourist Resources available with the State. To achieve this objective various tourist infrastructure like Tourist Bungalow, Cafeteria, Restaurant, Transportation facilities and Ropeway are provided at various tourists spots by Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation.
BSTDC has taken major initiatives to show the potential of tourist places of Bihar to the World. This website is an effort to provide easy information to the tourists visiting Bihar. It aims to provide information related to important tourist places of Bihar State. The details of available facilities such as Accommodation, Transport, Tour Packages, Tourist Information Centers are available with the site.

Useful Links (Agriculture)

Topic Agriculture of Bihar

Department of Agriculture and Co-operation
Directorate of Extension
Indian Council of Agril. Research (ICAR)
Commission for Agriculture  Costs and Prices
Plant Quarantine Organisation of India
National Seeds Corporation limited
Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Devep. Authority (APEDA)
National Horticulture Board
National Cooperative Development Corporation
National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils Devp. Board
Central Insecticides Board Registration Committee
Coconut Development Board
Export Import Bank of India
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
Department of Fertilizers
Department of Food processing Industries
Ministry of Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution
Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Ministry of Rural Devp. (Department of Land Resources)
Ministry of Water Resources
Ministry of Environment and Forests
National Disaster Management (Ministry of Home Affairs)
Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage 
Directorate of Economics & Statistics    
Crop Related Websites

Coconut Development Board
National Medicinal Plants Board
National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils Development Board
The Cotton Corporation of India Ltd.
Central Institute for Cotton Research
Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology
Directorate of Rice Development
Directorate of Cotton Development
Directorate of Wheat Development
Directorate Of Sugarcane Development
Directorate of Cashewnut & Cocoa Development
Directorate of Jute Development
Directorate of Tobacco Development
Directorate of Millets Development
Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development
National Research Centre for Cashew
Coffee Board of India
Tobacco Board of India
National Research Centre for Onion and Garlic
National Research Centre for Grapes (NRCG)
National Research Centre for Citrus (NRCC)
National Research Centre for Groundnut (NRCG)
National Research Centre for Soybean
National Research Centre for Sorghum
National Research Centre for Medicinal & Aromatic Plants (NRCMAP)
Disaster Management
Disaster Management Department, Government of Bihar
Flood Management Information System, Government of Bihar  
Agricultural Universities

Rajendra Agriculture University, Pusa, Samastipur (Bihar)
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU)
Assam Agricultural University (AAU)
Birsa Agricultural University (BAU )
CCS Haryana Agricultural University ( HAU )
Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology (CSAUT)
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (PKV)
Gobind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology (GBPUAT)
Gujarat Agricultural university ( GAU)
Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (HPKVV)
Kerala Agricultural University (KAU)
Mahatma Phule Krishi Viyapeeth ( MPKV)
Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology (OUAT)
Punjab Agricultural University (PAU)
Tamilnadu Agricultural University ( TNAU)
University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS, Bangalore)
University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Dharwad
Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horti. & Forestry (YSPUH&F)    
International Organisations
Agriculture Network Information Center, US
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
Center for International Forestry Research
Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo
International Center for Agricultural Research in the dry lands
International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management
International Centre for Research in Agroforestry
International Crops Research Institute for the semi-arid tropics
IITA - International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
IPGRI - International Plant Genetic Resources Institute
IRRI - International Rice Research Institute
ISNAR - International Service for National Agricultural Research
International Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences (CABI)
The National Agricultural Library, USDA
United States Department of Agriculture
United Nations  
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO)
World bank
Agriculture Technology Managment Agencies (ATMA)
Amravati, Maharashtra
Dumka, Jharkhand
West Singhbhum, Jharkhand
Kurnool, AP
Chittoor, AP
Prakasam, AP
Khurda, Orissa
Koraput, Orissa  
State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institutes (SAMETI)
Hyderabad, AP
Nagpur, Maharashtra
Jharkhand, Ranchi
Bameti, Bihar, Patna    
Agriculture portals  
Bihar Rajya Beej Nigam Ltd, Patna
Punjab Marketing Board
Rajasthan State Marketing Board
Maharashtra Marketing Board
Delhi Agricultural Marketing Board
Uttar Pradesh Mandi Board
Meghalaya State Marketing Board
Assam State Agril. Marketing Board
Haryana State Marketing Board
Orrissa State Marketing Board
Himachal Pradesh Marketing Board
Online Reporting for ATMA

Patna City Bus Ride Root

Topic Transportation

Patna City Bus Ride Root and Time

Red Buses on Route 1 – Khagaul Birla Military Police camp, Phulwarisharif, Anisabad, Chitkohra, R Block, GPO roundabout, Frazer Road and Gandhi Maidan.
Time – Morning 5 A:M to 10 P:M
No. of Buses – 12
Buses after every 15 minutes.

Blue Buses on Route 2 – Gandhi Maidan frazer road – Patna Junction, G.P.O, R Block, Income tax golambar, baily road, saguna moar, danapur.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11 P:M
No. of Buses – 18

Green Buses on Route 3 – to Rajapur Pul, Kurji and Digha, danapur.
Time – Morning 8 AM to 11:00 P:M
No. of Buses – 12

Yellow Buses on Route 4 – Gandhi Maidan, PMCH, Tripolia hospital, gaighat
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11:35 P:M
No. of buses – 4

Orange Buses on Route 5 – Mithapur Bus stand, New Bypass, Pahari Moar, Agamkuan, Kumhrar Park, Bahadurpur, Rajendra nagar terminal, chiraiyatarh, karbigahiya, mithapur bus stand.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11:35 P:M
No. of Buses – 6

Purple Buses on Route 6 – Gandhi maidan, rajapur, kurji, st. micheal school, alpana cinema moar, IAS colony.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 8 P:M
No. of Buses – 6

Sky Blue buses on Route 7 – Gandhi maidan, rajaapur, kurji, IIT, patliputra golambar, AN college, boring road.
Time – Morning 5 AM to 11:30 P:M
No. of Buses – 12

Note: on everyline pink color buses were only for ladies.
Rs. 500/- fine for travelling without ticket.

Above information is of on 15th May 2011.

Bihar State Road Transport Corporation and Eden Transport Private Limited.

Additionally, the buses have been equipped with closed circuit TV cameras, to curb crime against passengers. The buses will have music systems and seats have been reserved for senior citizens and physically challenged persons in each bus.

Very soon eight air-conditioned buses will also be catering to passengers on route 2 and 6.

Bihar News Portal

Topic Newspaper and Magazine of Bihar News Portal
One of the most popular & most widely circulated English-language newspapers in Bihar. The newspaper focusing on national news, special stories, climate, economy, world news, business, economy, health, medicine, science, technology, interview, sports, development news, education in Bihar, cinema, showbiz, Jharkhand news, culture of Bihar, and more.
Leading Bihari newspaper focusing on latest news, sports, lifestyle, recipes, city life, village life, upcoming events, politics, and more.
Popular Hindi language newspaper published in Ranchi. The newspaper covers latest events, Railway time, city news from Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Biharsarif, Ara, Munge, Chapra, Katihar, Purnia, Danapur, Sasaram, and Dehri Festivals like Dala Chhath, Kartik Chhath, Teej, Chitragupta Puja, Teej and Chitragupta Puja, and more.
Featuring rural news coverage, agriculture, Bihar's economy, politics, tourism, state news, music of Bihar, weather, science, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and more.
Bihar News Portal covers people, jobs, religion, education, and more.
Providing complete news and information on Political news, Government news, development and business news as well as Tourism in Bihar.
Focus both on Bihar and Jharkhand for News and other information .
Magnificient Bihar –
Danik Bhaskar -

Patna Municipal Corporation

Topic Government and Administration
  The Patna Municipal Corporation was established on the 15th August 1952, in accordance with The Patna Municipal Corporation Act, 1951, which was published in the Bihar Gazettes Extraordinary No.249 the 30th July 1952, by the Govt. Of Bihar in their Notification No. L.S.G. 1088/52 Leg-538 dated 26th July 1952. The Patna Municipal Corporation Act 1951 came into force on 15-08-1952 with the enforcement of Act, the former Patna City Municipality, the former Patna administrative committee and the former Patna Bankipur joint water works committee were replaced by The Patna Municipal Corporation on 15-08-1952. Thus came into being a New Civic Body with the merger of the 88 year Old Patna City Municipality and the 35 year old Patna Administration Committee with more powers and responsibilities and the PMC was established with effect from 15th August 1952, by virtue of orders issued by Govt. in their notification No. 6613 dated 9th August, 1952, published in the Bihar Gazettes Extraordinary No.95 the 11th August 1952. The first election of the councilors were completed in March 1954, but they came in office on the 1st February 1955.

District Education Officer

Topic Refrences
  Download Contact Details of District Education Officer(Bihar)

Government Welfare Schemes

Topic Government and Administration

Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY): Bihar
The objective of Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY) is to provide sustainable income to the rural poor. The programme aims at establishing a large number of micro-enterprises in the rural areas, based upon the potential of the rural poor. It is envisaged that every family assisted under SGSY will be brought above the poverty-line with in a period of three years.
Indira Aawas Yojana: Bihar
The objective of Indira Aawas Yojana is primarily to help construction/upgradation of dwelling units by members of SC/STs, freed bonded labourers and also other BPL non-SC/ST rural households by providing them a lump sum financial assistance.
Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) : Bihar
The Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) aims at mitigating the adverse effects of drought on the production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources. It strives to encourage restoration of ecological balance and seeks to improve the economic and social conditions of the poor and the disadvantaged sections of the rural community.
Visit for more information about Government Welfare Scheme.


Topic Mujhe Kuch Kehna Hai !!

The world is changing constantly and it is said that ‘those who do not change, they perish in the cut throat competition of survival.

Human beings are the part of biological evolution and witnessed the various changes like agricultural evolution, science evolution and technical evolution.
The world has changed from baggies to buses, cars, railways, aero planes.
From posts to World Wide Web (www),
 From schools to e- education,
 From radio to satellites
And so on.

Changes are the part of life without which progress can’t be achieved.
For simplification,
We can classify ‘change’ in three broad types viz.
Ø Sustainable changes,
Ø Discontinuous or random changes and
Ø Tsunami or unexpected change.

Sustainable changes are the natural changes, where humans can’t interfere or it is not under will power.
For example: growth of a child into an adult is natural and continuous process.
Continuity is the law of nature and we can’t break the laws of universe as There Is No Alternative (TINA).  Any interference with the nature can damage the life cycle or unbalance of human life.

Random changes are discontinuous; they come and disappear in the nature but can disturb the human life. Pandemic or endemic diseases in particular seasons can cause disturbances and are random changes.

The third and very important change is the tsunami change or unexpected change which brings lots of unpredicted changes and can change the lifestyle or hypnotize the people.
For example: Change of traditional vendors to the shopping malls or
Selling of land for industrial set up or Democracy after a forceful slavery is also the biggest change.
A change from inequality to equality is also a tsunami change.

When we try to correlate our life with the advanced technology, we can experience the tsunami change in our lifestyle and in thinking process.
Homo sapien sapien (humans) has been facing the new evolution of technology.
Life has changed its functioning process and has become more technical and professional.
Uses of sophisticated gadgets diminish the emotional quotient of human beings. Success has occupied the place of happiness and took over the charge of brain.
Heart is also technically modified as brain and working continuously for success and forgot to connect with life.  
Life has become more complicated and entrapped in the 24 hours clock.

The disturbed biological clock, stressful life, cardiovascular diseases and other psychological stress, health problems are some of the problems rose due to the modern technologies.

It is said that “if we want to achieve something in life then we have to lose something�? Though we have achieved something but we have lost many things. Technology has given us most comfortable life but also created nuclear families, where we don’t have time for our beloved ones.
Yes!!!! We know that every coin has two sides

We can’t ignore the technology because it has played a very important role in human civilization and will play in future too.
Everything in excess is poisonous!
But sophistication has become the part of human life but somewhere life needs introspection for further better life.
Life is god’s gift for everyone, why one should waste this wonderful life? Life is just once, live it!! Live for yourself, for beloved ones.
Enjoy the freedom of soul and let us thanks everyone to whom we owe to.
Let us be the free from all bindings and say
 â€˜Deep in my heart, I do believe that we shall overcome one day’.

              Sarika N. Suryawanshi

List of Agro based Industries

Topic Agriculture of Bihar
  Districtwise List of Agro based Industries visit

154 Doctor will be appointed on contract

Topic Bihar News

For more information visit

About Home Department, Government of Bihar

Topic Government and Administration
Home Department plays a key role in Administration. It is bedrock of Police Administration. This Department oversees the maintenance of law and order; prevention and control of crimes; prosecution of criminals besides dealing with Fire Services and Prisons Administration.

It is the nodal Department so far as State Secretariat Service is concerned. Apart from these, Fire Services, Home Guards Services are also being looked after in Home Department. It is closely connected with the conduct of elections to Parliament, and State Legislatures. It keeps a close liaison with Defence Services of Military and Civil Co-operation and for setting up of defence projects in the State.

Divisions of Department:
  1. Home (Special)
  2. Home (Police)
  3. Prison
  4. Police HQ
  5. Home Guard
  6. Fire Service
  7. Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL)
  8. Bihar Police Building Construction Corporation
  9. Police Radio
  10. Police Laboratory (Handwriting)
  11. Photo & Finger Print Bureau
  12. Sainik Kalyan
  13. Prosecution
For more information Visit

Flood Management Information System (FMIS), Bihar

Topic Government and Administration
Flood Management Information System, Bihar finds its genesis in the brainstorming meeting on Jan 18, 2006 in which the Government of Bihar (GoB) and the World Bank agreed on a water sector partnership matrix and action plan in three time horizons. In the short term it was proposed to improve the technical and institutional capacity of the State of Bihar for flood management, introducing the extensive use of modern information technologies developing and implementing a comprehensive Flood Management Information System (FMIS) in priority areas.

Mukhyamantri Kanya Suraksha Yojna

Topic Government and Administration
Mukhyamantri Kanya Suraksha Yojana ensures the rightful place of pride in the society for a girl child, her safety and security, improve the sex ratio and to encourage registration of birth.

The scheme launched jointly by the Bihar Government Social Welfare Department, State Women Development Corporation, and the UTI Asset Management Company, would incur a spending Rs. 140 crore to empower over 7 lakh girls and needy women in the state. Tripartite Memorandum of Undertaking was signed on June 7, 2008. The state government would invest Rs. 2,000 for the first two girls in a family living under the Below Poverty Level (BPL) and born on or after November 22, 2007. The amount of Rs.2000/- will be invested by Women Development Corporation, Patna, Bihar on behalf Government of Bihar in UTI-Children’s Career Balanced Plan-Growth Option. On completion of 18 years the amount equal to the maturity value will be paid to the girl child (Rs. 18000/-). Incase of death of girl child during the intervening period the amount will be paid back to Women Development Corporation, Patna, Bihar. Mukhya Mantri Kanya Suraksha Yojana of Government of Bihar will benefit around 7 lakh girl children born in families living below the poverty line each year. This money could come very handy in pursuing higher education or start a small business if the girls wished to do so.
Under the new scheme, 250 schools would be developed exclusively for the girls in which education would be imparted on the Plus-2 system. Free text books would be provided up to the 8th grade while a stipend of Rs. 200 per month would be given to the needy widows under a scheme dubbed as Lakshmi Bai Pension Plan.

UTI Children’s Career Balanced Plan
UTI Children’s Career Balanced Plan was launched in July 1993 as an openended Plan. Under the Plan, investment can be made in the name of children so as to provide them after they attain the age of 18 years a means to meet the cost of higher education or any other social obligation.
Fund collected under UTI Children’s Career Balanced Plan are invested in equities, debentures/bonds of companies and other money market instruments. The scheme has an asset allocation limit of minimum 60% in debt and maximum 40% in equities/equity related instruments.

Regional Passport Office Patna (Bihar)

Topic Government and Administration
Regional Passport Office Patna started functioning from 1977. It caters to all the districts of Bihar. The office is located at D-Block, Maurya Lok Complex, Patna-1.Application Forms
How to Fill Forms Affidavits
Fee structure How to apply for passport
Tatkaal Scheme
Online Registration Agent
Passport Act RTI Introduction
Office Address
Office Timings
List Of Holidays
Jurisdiction Contact
Where To Apply
ListofTravel Agents
Counter Details Complaints

To know the status of your application click here

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)

Topic Government and Administration
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act aims at enhancing the livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing hundred days of wage-employment in a financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
Public Grievance Redressal [HELPLINE -1800110707 ]

Information Sheet on ICT Infrastructure at Block/Panchayat Samiti/Mandal

For more about The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and various report visit

Bihar to promote organic farming: Nitish Kumar

Topic Bihar News
  Patna. Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar Wednesday said his government will help farmers adopt organic farming for sustainable agriculture and prosperity.
Inaugurating a three-day International Conference on Organic Agriculture with Focus on Horticulture Crops in Bihar here, Nitish Kumar said that the state was at the threshold of a “rainbow revolution�?...Read More

What is Unique Identification(UID) and Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)?

Topic Government and Administration

A Unique Identification is merely a string assigned to an entity that identifies the entity uniquely.The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) plans to assign a Unique ID to every person residing in India. Biome-tric identification system and checks would be used to ensure that each individual is as-signed one and only UID and the process of generating a new UID would ensure that duplicates are not issued as valid UID numbers.
What is UIDAI?

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has been created, with the mandate of providing a unique identity to all Indian residents. The UIDAI has published an approach to pursuing this mandate, and plans to use biometrics to eliminate
duplicates and ensure uniqueness at enrolment. 
The AADHAR system is being designed to eventually service the entire population of India, and will involve the biometric identification of 1.2 billion residents. Since the estimated database size (1.2 Billion residents) is an order of magnitude larger than the current largest biometric database (115 Million), the biometric subsystem will have to be constantly monitored for accuracy, scalability and performance. To de-risk the entire program, the system will operate multiple concurrent solutions with the ability to introduce and test newer solutions.
Each Automated Biometric Identification Subsystem (ABIS) must implement an interface that is compliant with this specification. That de-couples the biometric subsystem from the main application logic, and enables a management layer that can orchestrate across the multiple solution providers, continuously measure accuracy, performance and enable better decision making. Initially, the same interface will be used for enrolment and authentication. At a later time, authentication may be moved out to a separate sub-system for better scaling, and replication. More generally, as the UID database grows in size, the requirements of the biometric system may evolve, and implementers of this interface will have to keep up with them.

State Health Society, Bihar

Topic Government and Administration
The state health society, Bihar has been established to guide its functionaries towards Receiving, managing (including disbursement to implementing agencies e.g. Directorate, of Medical & Public Health District Societies, NGOs etc.) and account for the funds received from the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.

Its resources will manage the NGO / PPP (Public-Private partnership) components of the NRHM in the state including execution of contracts, disbursement of funds and monitoring of performance. Bihar Govt. has decided that SHS Bihar will function as a Resource Centre for the Department of Health & Family Welfare in policy/situational analysis and policy development (including development of operational guidelines and preparation of policy change proposals for the consideration of Government).

SHS Bihar, Strengthen the technical / management capacity of the Directorate of Medical & Health Services patna as well as of the Districts Societies by various means including through recruitment of individual / institutional experts from the open market and mobilize financial / non-financial resources for complementing/supplementing the NRHM activities in the State.

It will organize training, meeting, conferences, policy review studies / surveys, workshops and inter-state exchange visits etc. for deriving inputs for improving the implementation of NRHM in the BIHAR.

Bihar Knowledge Centre (BKC)

Topic Government and Administration
  The Bihar Knowledge Centre will be a Key interface between Students and the Industry thereby creating job opportunities for talent for Bihar. The BKC shall provide training which will range from highly technical courses to end-user training. New courses are regularly added to the Knowledge Centre, providing users with the information and training they need to master existing as well as upcoming demands of industry to increase their employability, capability and capacity.
Goals of BKC:-

    * Establish an inclusive, comprehensive and nationally consistent process for identification of industry needs and address these via training, appropriate funding and resource mechanism
    * Establish a process for a systematic and responsive integration of research and development outcomes into Training packages and courses
    * Establish industry consultation as a key feature of training quality assurance, and course development, review and evaluation processes
    * BKC would become a premiere institution in the state of Bihar for Skill Development and High End Specialised Training.

BKC will have trained Trainers of specialized courses with leading software development companies. Also, it can hire trainers from the original software manufacturers and training partners of those firms.
BKC should not merely be an IT training/Coaching institute, rather it will be a Knowledge centre in true sense by taking up other activities like:-

    * Soft Skill Development
    * Entrepreneurship Development
    * Self-Employing Activities (Creation of a cadre of trainers and professional to take up state level training and knowledge generation agency)
    * Creation of Knowledge repository for Government of Bihar to take up IT, e-Governance initiatives to newer levels including Government Process Outsourcing

The BKC will start with a Centralized Training Facility in Patna. After stabilization and maturity within a year it will start establishing training centres in the educational institutions and districts all over the state of Bihar.

List of Bihar Government Departments

Topic Government and Administration
Bihar Government Departments and there website
Animal & Fish Resources
BC & EBC Welfare
Board of Revenue
Building Construction
Commercial Taxes
Disaster Management
Environment & Forest
Food & Consumer Protection
General Administration
Health & Family Welfare
Human Resource Development
Information & Public Relations
Information Technology
Labour Resources
Minority Welfare
Panchayati Raj
Public Health Engineering
Registration, Excise & Prohibition
Revenue & Land Reforms
Road Construction
Rural Development
Rural Works
Science & Technology
SC & ST Welfare
Social Welfare
Urban Development
Water Resources
Youth, Art & Culture

List of Ayurvedic Colleges in Bihar

Topic Education

Ayurvedic Colleges in Bihar

Ayurvedic Medical College Gaya – 823 001 Ayurvedacharya (Seats:30)
Dayanand Ayurved College & Hospital Siwan – 841 266(BIHAR) Ayurvedacharya (Seats:40)
Government Ayurvedic College Post-Graduate
Training & Research Centre
Kadam Kuan, Patna – 800003(BIHAR) Ayurvedacharya (Seats:40), Ayurved Vachaspati [Dravyaguna (Seats:04), Rasashastra (Seats:04)]

Moti Singh Jogeshwari Ayurved College & Hospital Bara Telpa, Chhapra-841301(BIHAR) Ayurvedacharya (Seats:40)
Nitishwar Institute of Medical Sciences Bawan Beegha, Kanholi, P.O. Ramna, Muzaffarpur-842 002 (BIHAR) Ayurvedacharya (Seats:40)
Rajkiya Ayodhya Shivkumari Ayurved Mahavidyalaya Begusarai-850 101. (BIHAR) Ayurvedacharya (Seats:30)
Rajkiya Maharani Rameshwari Bhartiya Chikitsa Vigyan Sansthan Mohanpur – 846 006(BIHAR)
Sh. Yatindra Narayan Ashtang Government Ayurvedic College P.O.Champanagar, Bhagalpur-812 004. (BIHAR)
Shri Dhanwatri Ayurved Mahavidyalaya Ahirouli, Buxar- 802 001. (BIHAR)
Shri Ravindranath Mukherji Ayurved College Distt. Champaran, Motihari-845 401. (BIHAR)
Swami Raghwendracharya Tridandi Ayurved Mahavidyalaya Karjara Station, P.O. Manjhol, Gaya-823 001 (BIHAR)

Right to Service Bill 2011

Topic Government and Administration
  The Government of Bihar (GoB) launched the “Bihar Prashasnik Sudhar Missionâ€�? (BPSM) with the overall objective of transforming the Governance of the State. The Department for International Development (DFID) is financing the administration of BPSM and is also providing resources to help Govt. of Bihar implement administrative reforms, modernise administrative processes, strengthen human resource m...anagement and increase accountability under the Bihar Governance and Administrative Reforms Programme (BGARP).

In a bid to weed out corruption from the grassroots level, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has said he will bring the Right to Service Bill during the Budget session.“The proposed Act, besides the RTI Act, will be an important tool in the hands of the people. We have been receiving numerous complaints regarding obtaining income tax and other kinds of certificates, depositing bills and other utility related services,�? said Nitish.
The government has asked bureaucrats to prepare a draft of the proposed bill that seeks to make it mandatory for the state government and its agencies to extend services to people within the stipulated timeframe failing which the officials concerned could be penalised.

About Nitish Kumar

Topic Important person of Bihar
Father's Name : Late Shri Kaviraj Ram Lakhan Singh
Mother's Name : Smt. Parmeshwari Devi
Date of Birth : 1st March, 1951.
Place of Birth : Bakhtiarpur, District - Patna, State - Bihar.
Marital Status : Married.
Date of Marriage : 22nd February, 1973.
Spouse's Name : Late Smt. Manju Kumari Sinha.
No. of Children : One.
Educational  : B.Sc. (Engineering) 
Qualifications   Educated at Bihar College of Engineering, Patna, Bihar.
Profession : Political & Social Worker, Agriculturist, Engineer.
Permanent Address  : Village - Hakikatpur, PO - Bakhtiarpur, District - Patna, Bihar.
Present Address : Patna, Bihar.

Positions Held    
1985-89 : Member, Bihar Legislative Assembly.
1986-87 : Member, Committee on Petitions, Bihar Legislative Assembly.
1987-88 : President, Yuva Lok Dal, Bihar.
1987-89 : Member, Committee on Public Undertakings, Bihar Legislative Assembly.
 1989 : Secretary-General, Janata Dal, Bihar.
1989 : Elected to 9th Lok Sabha.
1989-16/7/1990 : Member, House Committee (Resigned).
4/1990-11/1990 : Union Minister of State, Agriculture and Co-operation.
1991 : Re-elected to 10th Lok Sabha (2nd term).
1991-93 : General-Secretary, Janata Dal.
Deputy Leader of Janata Dal in Parliament.
17/12/91-10/5/96 : Member, Railway Convention Committee.
8/4/93-10/5/96 : Chairman, Committee on Agriculture.
1996 : Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (3rd term).
Member, Committee on Estimates.
Member, General Purposes Committee.
Member, Joint Committee on the Constitution (Eighty-first Amendment Bill, 1996).
1996-98 : Member, Committee on Defence.
1998 : Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (4th term).
19/3/98-5/8/99 : Union Cabinet Minister, Railways.
14/4/98-5/8/99 : Union Cabinet Minister, Surface Transport (additional charge).
1999 : Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (5th term).
13/10/99-22/11/99 : Union Cabinet Minister, Surface Transport.
22/11/99-3/3/2000 : Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture.
3/3/00-10/3/2000 : Chief Minister, Bihar.
27/5/00-20/3/01 : Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture.
20/3/01-21/7/01 : Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture with additional charge of Railways.
22/7/01-21/5/04 : Union Cabinet Minister, Railways.
2004 : Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (6th term).
Member, Committee on Coal & Steel.
Member, General Purposes Committee.
Member, Committee of Privileges.
Leader Janata Dal (U) Parliamentary Party, Lok Sabha.
From 24/11/2005   Chief Minister, Bihar.

Former Chief Ministers of Bihar

Topic History
Shri Krishna Singh ( 02.04.1946 - 31.01.1961 )
Shri Deep Narayan Singh ( 01.02.1961-18.02.1961 )
Shri Binonand Jha 18.02.1961-02.10.1963
Shri KB Sahay ( 02.10.1963-05.03.1967)
Shri Mahamaya Prasad Sinha ( 05.03.1967-28.01.968 )
Shri Satish Prasad Singh (28.01.1968-01.02.1968)
Shri B P Mandal (01.02.1968-02.03.1968)
Shri Bhola Paswan Shastri (22.03.1968 - 29.06.1968),
(22.06.1969 - 04.07.1969), (02.06.1971 - 09.01.1971) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(29.06.1968-26.02.1969) Shri Harihar Pd. Singh
(26.02.1969 - 22.06.1969) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(06.07.1969 - 16.02.1970) Shri Daroga Prasad Ray
(16.02.1970 - 22.12.1970) Shri Karpoori Thakur
(22.12.1970 - 02.06.1971) Shri Satish Prasad Singh
28.01.1968-01.02.1968 Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(09.01.1972 - 19.03.1972) Shri Kedar Pandey
( 19.03.1972 - 02.07.1973) Shri Abdul Gafoor
(02.07.1973 - 11.04.1975) Shri Dr. jagannath Mishra
(11.04.1975 - 30.04.1977) (08.06.1980 - 14.08.1983)
(06.12.1989 - 10.03.1990) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(30.04.1977 - 24.06.1977) Shri Karpoori Thakur
(24.06.1977 - 21.04.1979) Shri Ram Sundar Das
(21.04.1979 - 17.02.1980) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(17.02.1980 - 08.06.1980) Shri Chandra Shekhar Singh
(14.08.1983 - 12.03.1985) Shri Bindeswari Dubey
(12.03.1985 - 13.02.1988) Shri Bhagwat Jha Azad
(14.02.1988 - 10.03.1889) Shri Satyendra Narayan Singh
(11.03.1989 - 06.12.1989) Shri Laloo Prasad
(10.03.1990 - 03.04.1995) (04.04.1995 - 25.07.1997) Smt. Rabri Devi
(25.07.1997 - 11.02.1999) (09.03.1999 - 02.03.2000) (11.03.2000 - 06.03.2005) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(12.02.1999 - 08.03.1999) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(07.03.2005 - 24.11.2005) Shri Nitish Kumar
(03.03.2000 - 10.03.2000) (24.11.2005 - Till Date)

Statistical Information Of Bihar | Based on Census 2011

Topic Census
 Physical Features

Latitude  24°-20'-10" ~ 27°-31'-15" N

Longitude 82°-19'-50" ~ 88°-17'-40" E

Rural Area 92,257.51 sq. kms

Urban Area 1,095.49 sq. kms

Total Area 94,163.00 sq. kms

Height above Sea-Level 173 Feet

Normal Rainfall 1,205 mm

Avg. Number of Rainy Days 52.5 Days in a Year

 Administrative Units

Divisions 9

Districts 38

Sub-Divisions 101

CD Blocks 534

Panchayats 8,471

Number of Revenue Villages 45,103

Number of Urban Agglomerations 14

Number of Towns 199
  - Statutory Towns 139
  - Non-Statutory Towns 60

Police Stations 853
  - Civil Police Stations 813
  - Railway Police Stations 40

Police Districts 43
  - Civil Police District 39
  - Railway Police District 4

 Key Statistics - as per 2011 Census (Provisional)

Population 10,38,04,637
  - Male 5,41,85,347
  - Female 4,96,19,290

Population (0~6 Years Group)
  - In Absolute Numbers 1,85,82,229
Male 96,15,280
Female 89,66,949
  - Percentage of Total Population 17.90%
Male 17.75%
Female 18.07%

  - In Absolute Numbers 5,43,90,254
Male  3,27,11,975
Female 2,16,78,279
  - Percentage of Total Population 63.82%

Male 73.39%

Female 53.33%

Decadal Population Growth (2001-2011) 
  - Absolute 2,08,06,128
  - As Percentage 25.07%

Highest Decadal Growth at Madhepura District (30.65%)

Lowest Decadal Growth at Gopalganj District (18.83%)
  - Civil Police Stations 813
  - Railway Police Stations 40

Density of Population 1,102 per sq kms
  - Highest Density Sheohar, 1882 per sq kms
  - Lowest Density Kaimur, 488 per sq kms

Most Populous District Patna: 57,72,804

Least Populous District Sheikhpura: 6,34,927

Sex Ratio (Females/Thousand Males) 916
  - Highest Ratio (Gopalganj) 1,015
  - Lowest Ratio (Munger and Bhagalpur) 879

Highest Literacy Rate Rohtas, 75.59%

Lowest Literacy Rate Purnia, 52.49%

Average Population of a District 27,31,701


Topic Festivals
It is during the winter season that the birds from the Himalayas migrate towards the plains. With the advent of these colorful birds, celebration of sama–chakeva is done. This is a festival especially celebrated in mithila. mithilanchal dedicates this festival to the celebration of the brother sister relationship. It represents the tradition of this land as well as the art of making idols. This festival starts with the welcoming of the pair of birds sama-chakeva. Girls make clay idols of various birds and decorate them in their own traditional ways. Various rituals are performed and the festival joyfully ended with the ‘vidai’ of sama and with a wish that these birds return to this land the next year.


Topic Festivals
  Bihula is a prominent festival of eastern Bihar especially famous in Bhagalpur district. There are many myths related to this festival. People pray to goddess Mansa for the welfare of their family.


Topic Festivals
  This festival is celebrated all over mithilanchal with much enthusiasm. It is celebrated in the month of Sawan (Hindu calendar), which falls around August. This festival carries a message with itself. It teaches how to weave together religion and tradition in day-to-day life.

Educational Institutions

Topic Education
    Patna University, Patna.
    Chanakya National Law University, Patna.
    Magadh University, Bodh Gaya.
    Baba Saheb Bhim Rao Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur.
    Tilka Manjhi, Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur.
    Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga.
    Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Darbhanga.
    Jaiprakash University, Chapra.
    Bhupendra Narayan Mandal University, Madhepura.
    Vir Kunwar Singh University, Arrah.
    Nalanda Open University, Patna.
    Mazrul Haque Arabi-Farsi University, Patna.
    Rajendra Agriculture University, Pusa.

 Engineering Colleges   
    Bihar College of Engineering (Approved by AICTE, New Delhi), Patna University, Patna - 800 005.
    Bhagalpur College of Engineering (Affiliated to Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University), Sabour, Bhagalpur - 813 210.
    Bihar Institute of Silk and Textile, Bhagalpur, Bihar.
    College of Agricultural Engineering, Rajendra Agriculture University, Pusa, Samastipur - 848 125.
    Maulana Azad College of Engineering & Technology (Affiliated to Magadh University and approved by AICTE, New Delhi), Anisabad, Patna - 800 002.
    Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology, Muzaffarpur - 842 003.
    Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Technology, Rajendra Agriculture University, P.O. - Dhelwan, Lohiyanagar, Patna - 800 020.
    R. P. Sharma Institute of Technology (Affiliated to Magadh University and approved by AICTE, New Delhi), West of Canal Bailey Road, Patna - 800 024.

 Management Institutions   
    Chandragupt Institute of Management, Patna.
    Gaya College (Affiliated to Magadh University), Gaya, Bihar.
    Indian Institute of Business Management (Recognised by AICTE, New Delhi), Buddh Marg, Patna - 800 001.
    L.N.Mishra Institute of Economic Development and Social Changes, Patna.
    Patna Women's College (Affiliated to Patna University), Bailey Road, Patna.
    Shanti Sewa Samiti's Indian Institute of Hotel Management, 11 IAS Colony, Kidwaipuri, Patna - 800 001.

 Medical Colleges   
    Darbhanga Medical College, Laheriasarai.
    Shree Krishna Medical College, Muzaffarpur.
    Patna Medical College, Patna.
    Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Bhagalpur.
    A. N. Magadh Medical College, Gaya.
    Nalanda Medical College, Patna.
    Katihar Medical College, Katihar.
    Mata Gujri Medical College, Kishanganj.

 Research Institutions   
    Central Fuel Research Institute, Jalgorda.
    Rajendra Memorial Research Institute, Agamkuan, Patna.
    Bihar Research Institute, Patna.
    K. P. Jaiswal Research Institute, Patna.
    Dr. A. N. Sinha Research Institute, Patna.
    Darbhanga Research Institute, Darbhanga.

 Law Colleges   
    T.N.B. Law College, Bhagalpur.
    S.K.J. Law College, Muzaffarpur.
    A.M. Collge, Gaya.
    Maharaja College, Arrah, Bojpur.
    Patna Law College, Patna.
    Bidheh Law College, Madhubani.
    Law College, Samastipur.
    Shivanand Mandal Law College, Madhepura.
    M.S. College, Motihari.

 Ayurvedic Colleges   
    Tibbi College, Patna.
    Astang Ayurvedic College, Bhagalpur.
    Shiv Kumari Ayurvedic College, Begusarai.
    Ayurvedic College, Patna.
    Maharani Rameshwari Mahavidyalay, Darbhanga.

 Veterinary Colleges   
    Bihar Veterinary College, Patna.
    Faculty of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Samastipur.

 Agriculture/Forestry Colleges and Universities   
    Bihar Agriculture College, Bhagalpur.
    Tirhut College of Agriculture, Muzaffarpur.
    Rajendra Agriculture University, Pusa, Samastipur.
    Faculty of Forestry Science, Samastipur.

 Fine Arts Colleges   
    Faculty of Fine Arts and Crafts, Bhagalpur University.
    Govt. College of Arts and Crafts, Patna.

 Laboratory and Research Centres   
    T.B. Demonstration and Training Centre, Patna.
    T.B. Demonstration and Training Centre, Darbhanga.
    Central Fuel Research Institute, Jalgorda.
    Nav Nalanda Mahavihar, Patna.

 Other Institutions   
    Bihar College of Pharmacy, New Bailey Road, Patna - 801 503.
    Bihar Flying Institute, Civil Aerodrome, Patna.
    Kishanganj Pharmacy College, Kishanganj - 855 107.
    National Institute of Physiotherapy and Communication Disorders, PMP Bhawan, Kashi Nath Lane, East Lohanipur, Patna - 800 003.
    Patliputra College of Pharmacy, PO - Bihar Veterinary College Campus, New Bailey Road, Patna - 800 014.
    R.L.S.Yadav College of Pharmacy, Reshmi Complex, Kidwaipuri, Patna - 800 002.
    Netraheen Chatra Vidyalay, Bhagalpur.
    Balika Mahavidyalay, Lakhisarai.
    Bihar Rashtrabhasha Parishad, Patna.
    Prakrit Jain Shastra Aur Ahinsa Sansthan, Vaishali.
    A.N.Sinha Samaj Adhyayan Sansthan, Patna.
    Madersa Ajeejeeya, Bihar Sharif, Nalanda.
    Science College, Patna.
    Muk Badhir Vidyalay, Patna.

Transfer order of District Welfare offier, Block Welfare Officer for SC/ST welfare Department

Topic Bihar News
Transfer/Promotion List for SC/ST welfare Department

District Welfare Officer [Download List List1List2]

Block Welfare Officer [Download]

Assistant Teacher of SC/ST Residential High/Primary/Middle School [Download]

LDC/Clerk Teacher of SC/ST Residential High/Primary/Middle School [Download]

Head Master/Assistant Teacher of SC/ST Residential High/Primary/Middle School [Download]

For More information visit


Topic Other Topic
The project HORTNET - Horticultural Informatics Network perhaps is first of its kind in the e-Agriculture history of the country, where total transparency has been ensured in all the processes of workflow i.e., online application filing, authentication, processing and online payment to the beneficiary’s bank account besides SMS based e-alerting is being done online effectively and efficiently. The objective of the project is to promote holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, roots and tuber crops, mushroom, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, cashew and cocoa. 
Farmers can apply online 24x7, from anywhere for the schemes of Horticulture Department by avoiding middlemen. They can also check the status of their application online. The system credits the subsidies to farmers bank accounts directly and intimates the same to their mobiles via SMS. The monthly progress reporting and its consolidation helps in conducting review meetings and release of funds. The system helps in releasing of funds transparently based on actual reports. The system automates the complete workflow in beneficiary selection and subsidy and input supplies distribution. The system is interfaced with Bank software so that acquitances are immediately effected. It communicates to the beneficiaries through SMS.
The project HORTNET was started to bring total transparency, for digital inclusion of farming community, to avoid delays, to remove subjectivity, to eliminate errors associate with manual systems and to link all stakeholders. The scope of the system is entire country wherever the National Horticulture Mission Project is being implemented. The Horticulture Department, Andhra Pradesh got Horticulture Leadership Award 2010 for streamlining dataflow. The web-based work flow system has been developed as a pilot in Andhra Pradesh for National Horticulture Mission by National Informatics Centre (NIC).
For more details on HORTNET, please visit

Post Matric Scholarships for Scheduled Castes /Scheduled Tribes Students

Topic Government and Administration
The Post Matric Scholarships enables a considerable number of Scheduled Caste students to obtain post-matric and higher level of education resulting in their over all educational and economic development. The Scheme provides for 100 per cent Central Assistance to the State Governments and UT Administrations over and above the respective committed liability of the State/UT. The committed liability of the North Eastern States has, however, been dispensed with. The scheme presently covers over 30 lakh Scheduled Caste students.

NGO Partnership System

Topic Refrences
Planning Commission of India invites all Voluntary Organizations / Non-Governmental Organizations to Sign Up on the NGO Partnership System (NGO-PS) at

This will enable you to:
  • Get details of existing VOs / NGOs across India
  • Get details of grant schemes of key Ministries/Departments
  • Apply on - line for NGO grants
  • Track status of your application for grants
This is a free facility located in the Planning Commission in association with National Informatics Centre to bring about greater partnership between government & the voluntary sector and foster better transparency, efficiency and accountability.
 Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Women & Child Development, Department of Higher Education, Department of School Education & Literacy, Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology (CAPART)

Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna

Topic Government and Administration
This programme was launched in April, 1999. This is a holistic programme covering all aspects of self employment such as organisation of the poor into self help groups, training, credit, technology, infrastructure and marketing.

The objective of SGSY is to provide sustainable income to the rural poor. The programme aims at establishing a large number of micro-enterprises in the rural areas, based upon the potential of the rural poor. It is envisaged that every family assisted under SGSY will be brought above the poverty-line with in a period of three years.

This programme covers families below poverty line in rural areas of the country. Within this target group, special safeguards have been provided by reserving 50% of benefits for SCs/STs, 40% for women and 3% for physically handicapped persons. Subject to the availability of the funds, it is proposed to cover 30% of the rural poor in each block in the next 5 years.

SGSY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and funding is shared by the Central and State Governments in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

SGSY is a Credit-cum-Subsidy programme. It covers all aspects of self-employment, such as organisation of the poor into self-help groups, training, credit technology, infrastructure and marketing. Efforts would be made to involve women members in each self-help group. SGSY lays emphasis on activity clusters. Four-five activities will be identified for each block with the approval of Panchayat Samities. The Gram sabha will authenticate the list of families below the poverty line identified in BPL census. Identification of individual families suitable for each key activity will be made through a participatory process. Closer attention will be paid on skill development of the beneficiaries, known as swarozgaris, and their technology and marketing needs.

How to Seek Assistance:
For assistance under the programme, District Rural Development Agencies and Block Development Officers may be contacted.

Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojna

Topic Government and Administration
The critical importance of rural infrastructure in the development of village economy is well known. A number of steps have been initiated by the Central as well as the State Governments for building the rural infrastructure. The public works programme have also contributed significantly in this direction.

Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojna (JGSY) is the restructured, streamlined and comprehensive version of the erstwhile Jawahar Rozagar Yojana. Designed to improve the quality of life of the poor, JGSY has been launched on 1st April, 1999. The primary objective of the JGSY is the creation of demand driven community village infrastructure including durable assets at the village level and assets to enable the rural poor to increase the opportunities for sustained employment. The secondary objective is the generation of supplementary employment for the unemployed poor in the rural areas. The wage employment under the programme shall be given to Below Poverty Line(BPL) families.

JGSY is implemented entirely at the village Panchayat level. Village Panchayat is the sole authority for preparation of the Annual Plan and its implementation.

The programme will be implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme on cost sharing basis between the Centre and the State in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

The programme is to be implemented by the Village Panchayats with the approval of Gram sabha. No other administrative or technical approval will be required. For works/schemes costing more than 50,000/-, after taking the approval of the Gram Sabah, the Village Panchayat shall seek the technical/administrative approval of appropriate authorities. Panchayats may spend upto 15% of allocation on maintenance of assets created under the programme within its geographical boundary. 22.5% of JGSY funds have been enmarked for individual beneficiary schemes for SC/STs. 3% of annual allocation would be utilised for creation of barrier free infrastructure for the disabled. The funds to the Village Panchayats will be allocated on the basis of the population. The upper ceiling of 10,000 population has been removed.

How to Seek Assistance:
Village Pradhan, Panchayat members, Block Development Officer, District Collector or District Rural Development Agency may be contacted.

Indira Aawas Yojna

Topic Government and Administration
 Indira Aawas Yojna is the flagship rural housing scheme which is being implemented by the Government of India with an aim of providing shelter to the poor below poverty line. The Government of India has decided that allocation of funds under IAY (Indira Awas Yojna)will be on the basis of poverty ratio and housing shortage.

The objective of  Indira Aawas Yojna is primarily to help construction of new dwelling units as well as conversion of unserviceable kutcha houses into pucca/semi-pucca by members of SC/STs, freed bonded labourers and also non-SC/ST rural poor below the poverty line by extending them grant-in-aid.

IAY is a beneficiary-oriented programme aimed at providing houses for SC/ST households who are victims of atrocities, households headed by widows/unmarried women and SC/ST households who are below the poverty line. This scheme has been in effect from 1st April, 1999.

IAY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme funded on cost sharing basis between the Govt. of India and the States in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

Grant of Rs. 20,000/- per unit is provided in the plain areas and Rs. 22,000/- in hilly/difficult areas for the construction of a house. For conversion of a kutcha house into in pucca house, Rs. 10,000/- is provided. Sanitary laterines and chulahs are integral part of the house. In construction/upgradation of the house, cost effective and enviornment friendly technologies, materials and designs are encouraged. The household is alloted in the name of a female member of beneficiary household.

How to Seek Assistance:
The person concerned should contact the Village Panchayat or Village Level Worker or the Block Development Officer or District Rural Development Agency.

DRDA Administration

Topic Government and Administration
District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) has traditionally been the principal organ at the District level to oversee the implementation of the anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development. Created originally for implementation of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), the DRDAs were subsequently entrusted with a number of programmes, both of the Central and State Governments. Since inception, the administrative costs of the DRDA (District Rural Development Agency) were met by setting aside a part of the allocations for each programme. Of late, the number of programmes had increased and several programmes have been restructured with a view to making them more effective. While an indicative staffing structure was provided to the DRDAs, experience showed that there was no uniformity in the staffing structure. It is in this context that a new centrally sponsored scheme - DRDA Administration - has been introduced from 1st April, 1999 based on the recommendations of an inter-ministerial committee known as Shankar Committee. The new scheme replaces the earlier practice of allocating percentage of programme funds to the administrative costs.

The objective of the scheme of DRDA (District Rural Development Agency) Administration is to strengthen the DRDAs and to make them more professional and effective. Under the scheme, DRDA is visualised as specialised agency capable of managing anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry on the one hand and effectively relate these to the overall efforts of poverty eradication in the district on the other.

The funding pattern of the programme will be in the ratio of 75:25 between the Centre and the States.

The DRDA will continue to watch over and ensure effective utilisation of the funds intended for anti-poverty programmes. It will need to develop distinctive capabilities for poverty eradication. It will perform tasks which are different from Panchayati Raj Institutions and line departments. The DRDAs would deal only with the anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development. If DRDAs are to be entrusted with programmes of other Ministries or those of the State Governments, it must be ensured that these have a definite anti-poverty focus. In respect of such States where DRDA does not have a separate identity and separate accounts.

Community Development

Topic Government and Administration
The State Govt. launched a scheme in 1980-81 to enable the members of legislature to execute the small schemes of their choice that are developmental and are based on immediate felt local needs, as per the guidelines issued for this purpose. Under this scheme Rs.50.00 lakh has to be provided to each member of the State Legislative.

The objective of this scheme is to facilitate immediate execution of locally important schemes, whose execution may otherwise span over a large period - as per the list of Do's and Don't indicated in the guidelines.

This is a State Plan Scheme whose expenditure is fully borne by the State Government.

Each legislator is supposed to indicate choice of schemes to the tune of Rs fifty lakhs per year to br taken up in his/her constituency to the concerned Deputy Development Commissioner, which will get them implemented by following the established procedures contained in the guidelines and circulars issued by the Rural Development Department.

Contact Info:
Local MLA/MLC may be contacted for schemes to be taken up under Community Development Programme.

Drought-Prone Areas Programme

Topic Government and Administration
The Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) aims at mitigating the adverse effects of drought on the production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources. It strives to encourage restoration of ecological balance and seeks to improve the economic and social conditions of the poor and the disadvantaged sections of the rural community.

DPAP is a people's programme with Government assistance. There is a special arrangement for maintenance of assets and social audit by Panchayati Raj Institutions. Development of all categories of land belonging to Gram Panchayats, Government and individuals fall within the limits of the selected watersheds for development.

Allocation is to be shared equally by the Centre and State Govt. on 75:25 basis. Watershed community is to contribute for maintenance of assets created. Utilisation of 50% of allocation under the Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) is for the watershed development. Funds are directly released to Zila Parishads/District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) to sanction projects and release funds to Watershed Committees and Project Implementation Agencies.

Village community, including self-help/user groups, undertake area development by planning and implementation of projects on watershed basis through Watershed Associations and Watershed Committees constituted from among themselves. The Government supplements their work by creating social awareness, imparting training and providing technical support through project implementation agencies.

How to Seek Assistance:
Non-Government organisations can approach the District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) for appointment as Project Implementation Agencies.

Credit-cum-Subsidy Scheme for Rural Housing

Topic Government and Administration
There were a large number of households in the rural areas which could not be covered under the IAY, as either they do not fall into the range of eligibility or due to the limits imposed by the available budget. On the other hand due to limited repayment capacity, these rural households cannot take benefit of fully loan based schemes offered by some of the housing finance institutions. The need of this majority can be met through a scheme which is part credit and part subsidy based.

The objective of this scheme for rural housing is to facilitate construction of houses for rural families who have some repayment capacity. The scheme aims at eradicating shelterlessness from the rural area of the country.

The scheme provides shelter to rural families who have not been coveted under IAY and who are desirous of possessing a house. All rural households having annual income up to Rs. 32,000/- are covered under this scheme.

The funds are shared by the Centre and the State in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

Rural poor just above the poverty line are entitled to get the benefits of the scheme. A maximum subsidy of Rs. 10,000/- per unit is provided for the construction of a house. Sanitary latrine and smokeless chulha are integral part of the house. Cost effective and enviornment friendly technologies, materials, designs, etc. are encouraged. Sixty per cent (60%) of the houses are allocated to SC/ST rural poor.

How to Seek Assistance:
State Governments decide the implementing agency, which may be the State Housing Board, State Housing Corporation, specified scheduled Commercial bank, Housing Finance Institution or the DRDA/ZP. The person desirous of getting benefit of the scheme may approach the implementing agency.

Bihar Public Grievance Redressal System

Topic Government and Administration
The Program "JANTA KE DARBAAR MEIN MUKHYAMANTRI" is being held on every Monday at 1, Anne Marg, Patna. The Programe is for the redressal of public grievances on various issues.
BPGRS is the Bihar Public Grievance Redressal System.
Visit for Submit New Petition (आवेदन), Know your Petition Status

Nalanda Open University invites Application for Admission on Various Courses.

Topic Bihar News

Nalanda Open University invites Application for Admission on Various Courses.
·         MA
·         M.Com
·         M.Sc
·         B.A(Hons)
·         B.Sc
·         BCA
·         MCA
·         BLIS
·         Journalism & Mass Communication

You Can Apply between 12.07.2011 to 16.08.201

Result of Bihar Public Service Commission(PT) Exam 2011

Topic Bihar News
Bihar Public Service Commission Declare the Result of PT Examination which was held on 17.04.2011 on 34 Districts of Bihar. 15135 Candidates are successfully selected for Mains Examination. BPSC also published the cutoff marks category wise. BPSC will published the marks sheet of individual(Candidates) on 20th July 2011.BPSC will give advertisement notification for those student who pass in PT examination for Main Examination. So  check your result of Commission website. Please share your result with us through comment.

PlanPlus - Decentralized Planning System

Topic Government and Administration
Many attempts were made by the Government of India to introduce decentralized planning for development; however, they did not succeed as a proper enabling framework was not in place, both for planning and integration of developmental activities at the micro level. Recently, the Planning Commission issued a guideline mandating that all plans starting from XIth Plan period onwards should be prepared bottom up, in a decentralized manner. Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF) scheme of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj was the first scheme to adopt the Planning Commission guidelines in to -to and all BRGF states have been directed to prepare a district Plan document as against a BRGF Plan. PlanPlus is a software developed by NIC, under guidance and direction from Ministry of Panchayati Raj, in order to demystify and strengthen the decentralized planning process. The software is a web-based software and captures the entire planning workflow starting from identification of needs, the plan approval process till the final approval by the District Planning Committee. The software is highly generic and can be extended to capture the plans prepared by line departments at the state and central level to generate the National Plan. The software :
  • Facilitates decentralized planning process in local language
  • Captures the planning workflow
  • Converges the flow of funds from different sources
  • Converges the rural and urban plans to generate an integrated district plan
  • Brings about total transparency in the plan approval process
  • Provides role based authentication and authorization
  • Acts as a decision support tool through the use of supporting GIS and graphs


Topic History

History of Bihar


Bihar, the ancient land of Buddha, has witnessed golden period of Indian history. It is the same land where the seeds of the first republic were sown and which cultivated the first crop of democracy. Such fertile is the soil that has given birth to innumerous intellectuals which spread the light of knowledge and wisdom not only in the country but in the whole world. The state has its capital at Patna, which is situated on the bank of the holy river Ganga. The state as it is today has been shaped from its partition from the province of Bengal and most recently after the separation of the tribal southern region now called Jharkhand.

 Ancient History  

The history of the land mass currently known as Bihar is very ancient. In fact, it extends to the very dawn of human civilization. Earliest myths and legends of hinduism the Sanatana (Eternal) Dharma - are associated with Bihar. Sita, the consort of Lord Rama, was a princess of Bihar. She was the daughter of King Janak of Videha. The present districts of Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Samastipur, Madhubani, and Darbhanga, in north-central Bihar, mark this ancient kingdom. The present small township of Sitamarhi is located here. According to legend, the birthplace of Sita is Punaura, located on the west-side of Sitamarhi, the headquarters of the district. Janakpur, the capital of King Janak, and the place where Lord Rama and Sita were married, lies just across the border in Nepal. It is reached via the rail station of Janakapur Road located in the Sitamarhi district, on the Narkatiyaganj - Darbhanga section of the North-Eastern Railway. It is no accident, therefore, that the original author of the Hindu epic - The Ramayana - Maharishi Valmiki - lived in Ancient Bihar. Valmikinagar is a small town and a railroad station in the district of West Champaran, close to the railhead of Narkatiyaganj in northwest Bihar. The word Champaran is derived from champa-arnya, or a forest of the fragrant Champa (magnolia) tree.

It was here that Prince Gautam attained enlightenment, became the Buddha- at the present Bodh Gaya- a town in central Bihar; and the great religion of buddhism was born. It is here also that Lord Mahavira, the founder of another great religion, Jainism, was born and attained nirvana (death). That site is located at the present town of pawapuri, some miles to the south east of patna, the Capital of Bihar., it is here that the tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh was born and attained the sainthood of sikhism, that is became a Guru. A lovely and majestic Gurudwara (a temple for Sikhs) built to commemorate his memory - the harmandir- is located in eastern Patna. Known reverentially as the Patna Sahib, it is one of the five holiest places of worhip (Takhat) for Sikhs.

The ancient kingdoms of Magadh and of Licchavis, around about 7-8th century B.C., produced rulers who devised a system of administration that truly is progenitor of the modern art of statecraft, and of the linkage of statecraft with economics. Kautilya, the author of Arthashastra, the first treatise of the modern science of Economics, lived here. Also known as Chanakya, he was the wily and canny adviser to the Magadh king, Chandragupta Maurya. As an emissary of Chandragupta Maurya, Chanakya traveled far and wide in pursuit of promoting the interests of the State and dealing with the Greek invaders settled in the northwest of India, along the Indus valley. He succeeded in preventing the further onslaught of the Greeks. Indeed, he brought about amicable co-existence between the Greeks and the Mauryan Empire. Megasthenes, an emissary of Alexander's General, Seleucus Necator, lived in Pataliputra (ancient name of Patna, the Mauryan capital) around 302 B.C. He left behind a chronicle of life in and around Patliputra. This is the first recorded account by a foreign traveler in India. It describes in vivid terms the grandeur of life in Patliputra, a city established by King Ajatshatru, around 5th Century B.C., at the confluence of the rivers Sone and Ganga.

Another Mauryan king, Ashok, (also known as Priyadarshi or Priyadassi), around 270 B.C., was the first to formulate firm tenets for the governance of a people. He had these tenets, the so called Edicts of Ashok, inscribed on stone pillars which were planted across his kingdom. The pillar were crowned with the statue of one or more lions sitting on top of a pedestal which was inscribed with symbols of wheels. As the lion denoted strength, the wheel denoted the eternal (endless) nature of truth (dharma), hence the name Dharma (or Dhamma) Chakra. This figure of lions, atop a pedestal, with inscription of a wheel, was adopted as the Official Seal of the independent Republic of India (1947). Also, Ashok's dharma chakra was incorporated into the national flag of India, the Indian tricolor. Remains of a few of these pillars are still extant, for example at Lauriya-Nandan Garh in the district of West Champaran and at vaishali, in the present district of the same name. Ashok, a contemporary of Ptolemy and Euclid, was a great conqueror. His empire extended from what is now the North West Frontier Province (in Pakistan) in the west, to the eastern boundaries of present India in the north, and certainly, up to the Vindhyan Range in the south. Ashok was responsible also for the widespread proselytization of people into Buddhism. He sent his son, Prince Mahendra, and daughter, Sanghamitra, for this purpose to as far south as the present country of Sri Lanka (Sinhal Dweep in ancient times, and Ceylon during the British Empire. Some historians, particularly Sinhalese, consider Mahindra and Sanghmitra as brother and sister.

Ancient Bihar also saw the glorification of women in matters of state affairs. It was here that Amrapali, a courtesan of Vaishali (the present district of the same name) in the kingdom of the Lichhavis, attained and wielded enormous power. It is said that the Lord Buddha, during his visit to Vaishali, refused the invitation of many princes, and chose to have dinner with Amrapali instead. Such was the status of women in the Bihari society of several centuries B.C.!

A little-known, but historically and archaeologically documented, event is worth mentioning in this context. After his visit with Amrapali, Lord Buddha continued with his journey towards Kushinagar (also called Kusinara in Buddhist texts.) He travelled along the eastern banks of the river Gandak (also called Narayani, which marks the western border of Champaran, a district now administratively split into two- West and East Champaran.) A band of his devoted Licchavis accompanied Lord Buddha in this journey. At a spot known as Kesariya, in the present Purbi (meaning, East) Champaran district, Lord Buddha took rest for the night. It was here that he chose to announce to his disciples the news of his impending niravana (meaning, death); and implored them to return to Vaishali. The wildly lamenting Licchavis would have none of that. They steadfastly refused to leave. Whereupon, Lord Buddha, by creating a 3,000 feet wide stream between them and himself compelled them to leave. As a souvenir he gave them his alms-bowl. The Licchavis, most reluctantly and expressing their sorrow wildly, took leave and built a stupa there to commemorate the event. Lord Buddha had chosen that spot to announce his impending nirvana because, as he told his disciple Anand, he knew that in a previous life he had ruled from that place, namely, Kesariya, as a Chakravarti Raja, Raja Ben. (Again, this is not just a mere legend, myth or folk-lore. Rather, it is a historiclly documented fact supported by archaeological findings. However, neither this part of Buddha's life, nor the little town of Kesariya, is well-known even in India or Bihar.

At Nalanda, the world's first seat of higher learning, an university, was established during the Gupta period. It continued as a seat of learning till the middle ages, when the muslim invaders burned it down. The ruins are a protected monument and a popular tourist spot. A museum and a learning center- The Nava Nalanda Mahavira - are located here.

Nearby, Rajgir, was capital of the Muaryan Empire during the reign of Bimbisara. It was frequently visited by Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira. There are many Buddhist ruins here. It is also well-known for its many hot-springs which, like similar hot-springs elsewhere in the world, are reputed to have medicinal property.

 Medieval History  

This glorious history of Bihar lasted till around the middle of the 7th or 8th century A.D. - the Gupta Period - when, with the conquest of almost all of northern India by invaders from the middle-east, the Gupta dynasty also fell a victim.

In medieval times Bihar lost its prestige as the political and cultural center of India. The Mughal period was a period of unremarkable provincial administration from Delhi. The only remarkable person of these times in Bihar was Sher Shah, or Sher Khan Sur, an Afghan. Based at Sasaram which is now a town in the district of the same name in central-western Bihar, this jagirdar of the Mughal King Babur was successful in defeating Humayun, the son of Babur, twice - once at Chausa and then, again, at Kannauj (in the present state of Uttar Pradesh or U.P.) Through his conquest Sher Shah became the ruler of a territory that, again, extended all the way to the Punjab. He was noted as a ferocious warrior but also a noble administrator - in the tradition of Ashok and the Gupta kings. Several acts of land reform are attributed to him. The remains of a grand mausoleum that he built for himself can be seen in today's Sasaram (Sher Shah's maqbara.)

 Modern History  

During most of British India, Bihar was a part of the Presidency of Bengal, and was governed from Calcutta. As such, this was a territory very much dominated by the people of Bengal. All leading educational and medical centers were in Bengal. In spite of the unfair advantage that Bengalis possessed, some sons of Bihar rose to positions of prominence, by dint of their intelligence and hard labor. One such was Rajendra Prasad, native of Ziradei, in the district of Saran. He became the first President of the Republic of India.

When separated from the Bengal Presidency in 1912, Bihar and Orissa comprised a single province. Later, under the Government of India Act of 1935, the Division of Orissa became a separate province; and the Province of Bihar came into being as an administrative unit of British India. At Independence in 1947, the State of Bihar, with the same geographic boundary, formed a part of the Republic of India, until 1956. At that time, an area in the south-east, predominantly the district of Purulia, was separated and incorporated into West Bengal as part of the Linguistic Reorganization of Indian States.

Resurgence in the history of Bihar came during the struggle for India's independence. It was from Bihar that Mahatma Gandhi launched his civil-disobedience movement, which ultimately led to India's independence. At the persistent request of a farmer, Raj Kumar Shukla, from the district of Champaran, in 1917 Gandhiji took a train ride to Motihari, the district headquarters of Champaran. Here he learned, first hand, the sad plight of the indigo farmers suffering under the oppressive rule of the British. Alarmed at the tumultuous reception Gandhiji received in Champaran, the British authorities served notice on him to leave the Province of Bihar. Gandhiji refused to comply, saying that as an Indian he was free to travel anywhere in his own country. For this act of defiance he was detained in the district jail at Motihari. From his jail cell, with the help of his friend from South Africa days, C. F. Andrews, Gandhiji managed to send letters to journalists and the Viceroy of India describing what he saw in Champaran, and made formal demands for the emancipation of these people. When produced in court, the Magistrate ordered him released, but on payment of bail. Gandhiji refused to pay the bail. Instead, he indicated his preference to remain in jail under arrest. Alarmed at the huge response Gandhiji was receiving from the people of Champaran, and intimidated by the knowledge that Gandhiji had already managed to inform the Viceroy of the mistreatment of the farmers by the British plantation owners, the magistrate set him free, without payment of any bail. This was the first instance of the success of civil-disobedience as a tool to win freedom. The British received, their first "object lesson" of the power of civil-disobedience. It also made the British authorities recognize, for the first time, Gandhiji as a national leader of some consequence. What Raj Kumar Shukla had started, and the massive response people of Champaran gave to Gandhiji, catapulted his reputation throughout India. Thus, in 1917, began a series of events in a remote corner of Bihar, that ultimately led to the freedom of India in 1947.

Sir Richard Attenborough's award winning film, "Gandhi", authentically, and at some length, depicts the above episode. (Raj Kumar Shukla is not mentioned by his name in the film, however.) The two images here are from that film. The bearded gentleman, just behind Gandhiji, in the picture on the left, and on the elephant at right, is Raj Kumar Shukla.

Gandhiji, in his usual joking way, had commented that in Champaran he "found elephants just as common as bullock carts in (his native) Gujarat"!!

It was natural, therefore, that many people from Bihar became leading participants in India's struggle for independence. Dr. Rajendra Prasad has been mentioned above. Another was Jay Prakash Narayan, affectionately called JP. JP's substantial contribution to modern Indian history continued up until his death in 1979. It was he who steadfastly and staunchly opposed the autocratic rule of Indira Gandhi and her younger son, Sanjay Gandhi. Fearing people's reaction to his opposition, Indira Gandhi had him arrested on the eve of declaring National Emergency beginning June 26, 1975. He was put in the Tihar Jail, located near Delhi, where notorious criminals are jailed. Thus, in Free India, this septuagenarian, who had fought for India's freedom alongside Indira Gandhi's father, Jawahar Lal Nehru, received a treatment that was worse than what the British had meted out to Gandhiji in Champaran in 1917, for his speaking out against oppression. The movement started by JP, however, brought the Emergency to an end, led to the massive defeat of Indira Gandhi and her Congress Party at the polls, and, to the installation of a non-Congress government -The Janata Party - at Delhi, for the first time. With the blessings of JP, Morarji Desai became the fourth Prime Minister of India. JP remained the Conscience of the Janata Party and of post-Gandhi - post-Nehru India. He gave a call to all Indians to work ceaselessly towards eliminating "dictatorship in favour of democracy" and bringing about "freedom from slavery". Sadly, soon after attaining power, bickering began among the leaders of the Janata Party which led to the resignation of Shri Desai as the Prime Minister. JP continued with his call for "total revolution" (sampporna kranti), but he succumbed to kidney failure at a hospital in Bombay in 1979.

Subsequent bickering in the Janata Party led to the formation of a breakaway political party - the Janata Dal. This political party is a constituent unit of the current ruling coalition at Delhi, the so called, United Front. It was also from this party that Laloo Prasad Yadav, the Chief Minister of Bihar was elected. The bickering continued. A new party led by Mr. Yadav was formed as - the Rashtriya Janata Dal - which went on to rule for almost 15 years in Bihar.

This was also a period when Hindi literature came to flourish in the state. Raja Radhika Raman Singh, Shiva Pujan Sahay, Divakar Prasad Vidyarthy, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Ram Briksha Benipuri, are some of the luminaries who contributed to the flowering of Hindi literature, which did not have much of a long history. The Hindi language, certainly its literature, began around mid to late nineteenth century. It is marked by the appearance of Bhartendu Babu Harischandra's ( a resident of Varanasi in U.P.) drama "Harischandra". Devaki Nandan Khatri began writing his mystery novels in Hindi during this time (Chandrakanta, Chandrakanta Santati, Kajar ki Kothari, Bhootnath, etc.) He was born at Muzaffarpur in Bihar and had his earlier education there. He then moved to Tekari Estate in Gaya in Bihar. He later became an employee of the Raja of Benares (now Varanasi.) He started a printing press called "Lahari" which began the publication of a Hindi monthly, "Sudarshan", in 1898. One of the first short stories in Hindi, if not the very first, was "Indumati" (Pundit Kishorilal Goswami, author) which was published in 1900. The collection of short stories "Rajani aur Taare" (Anupam Prakashan, Patna, publishers) contains an extended history of the origin and evolution of the short story as a distinct literary form in the Hindi literature.


For its geographical location, natural beauty, mythological and historical importance, Bihar feels proud of the assets it has been gifted by time. And for its moral contributions in the fields of arts-literature and religion and spiritualism, it knows no competitors centuries old stories related to this land are told even today. The state is the same kingdom, which once upon a time ruled the country as well as the neighbouring countries . Many great rulers have lived here and it fills us with a sense of pride when we think of Bihar as the 'Karmabhumi' of Buddha and Mahavir. Bihar, to liven up the glorious tale of which land, words fall short.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

Topic About Bihar
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India's flagship programme for achievement of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated by 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.

SSA is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the entire country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million habitations.

The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of additional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants.

Existing schools with inadequate teacher strength are provided with additional teachers, while the capacity of existing teachers is being strengthened by extensive training, grants for developing teaching-learning materials and strengthening of the academic support structure at a cluster, block and district level.

SSA seeks to provide quality elementary education including life skills. SSA has a special focus on girl's education and children with special needs. SSA also seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide.

Website -

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) :

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) , Bihar

Topic Government and Administration
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) in response to the challenge of meeting the holistic needs of the child, launched initially in 33 blocks, on October 2, 1975, that is, 30 years ago.

Today, the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is on of the world's largest and most unique outreach programmes for early children. It is widely acknowledged that the young child is most vulnerable to malnutrition, morbidity, resultant disability and mortality. The Early years are the most crucial period in life., when the foundations for cognitive, social, emotional, language, physical/motor development and life long learning are laid, recognizing that early childhood development constitutes the foundation of human development, ICDS is designed to promote holistic development of children under six years, through the strengthened capacity of caregivers and communities and improved access to basic services, at the community level. The programme is specifically designed to reach effective disparity reduction.

The programme provides an integrated approach for converging basic services for improved childcare, early stimulation and learning, health and nutrition, water and environmental sanitation targeting young children, expectant and nursing mothers and women's a/ adolescent girls' groups. They are reached through nearly 60,000 trained community-based Anganwadi Workers and an equal number of helpers, supportive community structures/women's groups- through the Anganwadi centre, the groups system and in the community.

ICDS is powerful outreach programme to help achieve major national nutrition and health goals. Embodied in the National Plan of Action for Children. It also contributed to the national goal of universal primary education.

ICDS provides increased opportunities for promoting early development, associated with primary stage and by releasing girls from the burden of sibling care, to enable them to participate in primary education.

Poised for universal coverage by the turn of the century, ICDS today reaches out to roughly on million expectant and nursing mothers and roughly 5 Million children (under six years of age), of disadvantaged groups in Bihar. Of these, 2.5 million children (three to six years of age) participate in centre-based pre-school education activities.

The network consists of 393 projects, covering nearly, 72 percent of the state community development blocks and the services are being provided through 60587 Anganwadi Centers are as follows:

    * Improve the nutritional and health status of children below the age of six years.
    * Lay the foundation for the proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.
    * Reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropouts.
    * Achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation among various departments to promote child development.
    * Enhance the capability of the mother to took after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child, through proper health and nutrition education.


    * Immunization
    * Health check-ups
    * Referral services
    * Treatment of minor illnesses


    * Supplementary feeding
    * Growth monitoring and promotion
    * Nutrition and Health Education (NHED)

Early Childhood Care And Pre-School Education

    * To children in the age groups of three to six years.


    * Of other supportive services, such as safe drinking water, environmental sanitation, women's empowerment programmes, non-formal education and adult literacy.

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Vasudha Kendras (CSC)

Topic Government and Administration
The Government of India has launched the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) for delivering e-Government services at the doorsteps of the rural citizens of India.  The front-end interface of the NeGP with the rural citizens is the Common Services Centers (CSC) through which the Government Services along with other value added services would be delivered to the citizens. The aim of the Scheme is not merely to roll out IT infrastructure but to build a network of 100,000+ rural businesses across India.

The Government of Bihar in its Endeavour to improve the quality of governance in the State, has involved public/ private enterprises to participate in the CSC scheme as Service Centre Agencies (SCAs) for establishing and operating 8463 CSCs in rural areas of Bihar. In Bihar the scheme has been christened as Vasudha Kendras. These Vasudha Kendras would offer a multitude of services ranging in the areas of e-Government, education, health, agriculture, commercial, retail, etc. It is to be noted that delivery of Government services would be mandatory for the Vasudha Kendras.

To implement the Vasudha Kendras three Service Center Agencies (SCA) namely SREI Sahaj, Zoom Connect and SARK Systems has been selected. These SCAs will select the Village Level Entreprenuers (VLE), will provide them the requisite hardware, will train them and will ensure the delivery of various Business to Citizen Services. As soon as the back-end computerization of Government department is completed Government to Citizen centric services will be launched through these Vasudha Kendras in phases. At present around 4500 Vasudha Kendras are up and running in all the 38 districts of the State of Bihar.

Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV)

Topic Government and Administration
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV)

Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) is a scheme launched in July 2004, for setting up residential schools at upper primary level for girls belonging predominantly to the SC, ST, OBC and minority communities. The scheme is being implemented in educationally backward blocks of the country where the female rural literacy is below the national average and gender gap in literacy is above the national average. The scheme provides for a minimum reservation of 75% of the seats for girls belonging to SC, ST, OBC or minority communities and priority for the remaining 25%, is accorded to girls from families below poverty line. 

 The scheme is being implemented in 27 States/UTs namely: Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.
 2578 KGBVs were sanctioned by Government of India till date. Of these, 427 KGBVs have been sanctioned in Muslim concentration blocks, 612 in ST blocks, 688 in SC blocks. As on 31st January, 2009, 2423 KGBVs are reported to be functional (i.e. 94%) in the States and 1,90,404 girls enrolled in them (50,630 SC girls (27%); 58,682 ST girls (31%); 50,161 OBC girls (26%); 18,206 BPL girls (9%); 12,725 Minority girls (7%). Out of the total 2578 sanctioned KGBVs, 547 KGBVs have been constructed + 1262 are in progress and 769 have not been started.  The Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya scheme is merged with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in the XIth Plan with effect from 1st April, 2007.

National Evaluation of KGBV
          The National Evaluation of the KGBV scheme was undertaken between 29th January to 20th February 2008 in 12 States of  Gujarat, Jharkhand, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh and Orissa, with 12 independent experts in girls education and another joint Evaluation of NPEGEL & KGBV scheme was also undertaken between 19th November to 14th December, 2007 in States of Assam, Manipur, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, West Bengal, Mizoram, Tripura and Dadar & Nagar Haveli.


Change of name from Vikash to Vikash singh

Topic Other Topic
I want to change my name from Vikash to Vikash Singh on my passport.
As per passport rule: - I need to insert advertisements in two newspaper.

So wanted to know the cost of adverisement and other details to get name change article published.

Name :- Vikash

Father's Name :- Rajendra Sharma.

Address on Passport:- 
Q.No- 325, Sector -1'B'
  Bokaro Steel City, Bokaro, Jharkhand.

Current Residential Address:-
c\o- Jai Karan Chaudhary (Police)
       House No - 123,
       Bhanger Mohalla,
       Madanpur Khadar,
       New Delhi 110076

Permanent Address:
Vikash Singh
c\o- Ramjanam Singh
Village+P.O.- Sarbba,
Police Station:- Barbigha,
District.- Sheikhpura
Pin:- 811001

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Related to Right to Information

Topic Other Topic

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Related to Right to Information

How to use Right to Information
Why is it that RTI works when no other law has worked
What should I do if I do not receive satisfactory information
Won’t I be victimized if I used RTI
Bureaucracy’s fears
Visit For more information About Right to Information Act

Raksha Bandhan | Rakhi Festival

Topic Festivals

Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi is a festival primarily observed in North India, which celebrates the relationship between brothers and sisters.The festival is observed by Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims. The central ceremony involves the tying of a rakhi (sacred thread) by a sister on her brother's wrist. This symbolizes the sister's love and prayers for her brother's well-being, and the brother's lifelong vow to protect her.The festival falls on the full moon day (Shravan Poornima) of the Shravan month of the Hindu lunisolar calendar.It grew in popularity after Rani Karnavati, the widowed queen of Chittor, sent a rakhi to the Mughal emperor Humayun when she required his help.

Right To Public Service Act

Topic Refrences
Government of Bihar in the process of bringing administrative reforms  have taken step forward by formulating Right To Public Service Act in order to make the government more transparent and responsive. This act will come into force from 15th August 2011.the act has been formulated for the people of Bihar especially remote and under developed areas to  give them services with ease and satisfaction.
 The salient features of this act are listed below:
  • Notified services would be given at stipulated time
  • Receipt would be provided
  • There is a provision of 2 levels of appeal in case the services are not provided in stipulated time.

Some of the services under this act are:
  • Caste/income/domicile certificate
  • Ration card
  • Pension scheme
  • Land related services
  • Driving license
  • Scholarship etc

Department & Services

  • General Administration department
  • Commercial Tax
  • Transport Department
  • Home Department
  • Social Welfare
  • Human Resource Department
  • Food & Consumer
  • Urban Development

Useful Information
Acts in Hindi/English
trainer's ppt
Check List

Kumhrar Park patna

Topic Tourist place in Bihar
 Kumhrar is the site that consists of the archaeological excavations of Patliputra and marks the ancient capital of Ajatshatru, Chandragupta and Ashoka. Excavations at Kumhrar have resulted numerous structures and artifacts of the past.
Located some six kilometers south to Patna railway station, Kumhrar can be reached by auto rickshaws which are easily available. Remnants of historical city are spread all over and remind us of great and glorious history of Kumhrar.
Located on the Kankarbagh road, Kumhrar has been excavated many times. After the excavation of the site, relics have been found, which are according to some historians are from 600 BC to 600 AD. The most striking and relevant finding at the spot is the 80-pillared huge hall, which is said to have been the parliament of Chandragupta Maurya. According to archaeologists and historians, it dates back to 300 BC.
The parliament or assembly hall was an excellent specimen of architectural expertise. From ruins one can imagine how wonderful it would have been in its original form! Near the assembly hall is a brick made Buddhist monastery, popularly called Anand Bihar.
During excavation archeologists found the marks of ‘Arogya Vihar’ which was headed by famous physician Dhanvantri. One can visit Kumhrar to experience the glorious history of Pataliputra and the Magadh Empire.

Entrance exam of primary teachers likely in November

Topic Bihar News
PATNA: HRD minister P K Shahi on Wednesday said that the primary teachers entrance test (PTET) for appointment of one lakh primary school teachers is likely to be held in the first week of November.

The minister, while holding Janata Durbar at the HRD auditorium, said that the result of the PTET would be published at the earliest and appointments of the primary teachers will be made in this financial year itself. It may be recalled that the State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) had received 23 lakh applications from the aspirants for the post of primary teachers.

Replying to the queries of the aspirants for the post of primary teacher, Shahi said that the power of appointment of primary school teachers has been shifted totally from the state government to the three-tier Panchayati Raj system and the urban local bodies through amendments in the Constitution. Such constitutional amendments made by Parliament were binding on the government hence it is helpless in resolving the complaints regarding any alleged irregularity in the appointment of primary teachers for which only the panchayats bodies and urban local bodies concerned were responsible and accountable, he said.

Shahi denied that there were largescale irregularities in previous appointment of 1.25 lakh primary school teachers. Complaints received regarding irregularities in appointment of primary teachers were less than 10 per cent of the total posts of primary teachers who were appointed by the Panchayati Raj bodies. On inquiry, complaints relating to only 6-7 per cent of the total posts of primary teachers were found to be correct, he said.

To another query of the aspirants for the post of librarians (about 2,500 posts are vacant) in secondary and senior secondary schools, he said that the state government is awaiting a Supreme Court judgement regarding such appointments.

Shahi said that the state government has brought different Bills before the state legislative assembly for improving the education system to bring down the number of litigations against the government, but the governor was not responding to the related Bills passed by the state legislature.

He said that the vice-chancellors attending a meeting with the principal secretary, HRD, and other higher education officials, were apprised of the Right to Service Act and the modalities for implementation of the provisions of the Act.

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